Article | World Renewable Energy Congress - Sweden; 8-13 May; 2011; Linköping; Sweden | Drivers and Barriers to Rural Electrification in Tanzania and Mozambique - Grid Extension; Off-Grid and Renewable Energy Sources Linköping University Electronic Press Conference Proceedings
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Title:
Drivers and Barriers to Rural Electrification in Tanzania and Mozambique - Grid Extension; Off-Grid and Renewable Energy Sources
Author:
Helene Ahlborg: Environmental Systems Analysis, Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg, Sweden Linus Hammar: Environmental Systems Analysis, Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg, Sweden
DOI:
10.3384/ecp110572493
Download:
Full text (pdf)
Year:
2011
Conference:
World Renewable Energy Congress - Sweden; 8-13 May; 2011; Linköping; Sweden
Issue:
057
Article no.:
28,
Pages:
2493-2500
No. of pages:
8
Publication type:
Abstract and Fulltext
Published:
2011-11-03
ISBN:
978-91-7393-070-3
Series:
Linköping Electronic Conference Proceedings
ISSN (print):
1650-3686
ISSN (online):
1650-3740
Publisher:
Linköping University Electronic Press; Linköpings universitet


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Mozambique and Tanzania are countries with very low rural electrification rates – far below 5% percent of the rural population use electricity. The pace of rural grid electrification is slow and for most remote areas access to the national electricity grids will not occur within a foreseeable future. Off-grid (decentralized) electricity grids are seen as a complement and fore-runner to the national grid; making electricity available many years in advance and creating demand and a customer base. Most off-grid systems are supplied by diesel generators which entail unreliable and costly electricity. Alternative off-grid energy sources exist in the region; such as biofuels; wind; micro-hydro and solar PV; but there are significant barriers to adoption; adaptation and diffusion of such RE-based technologies. In this study; the specific drivers and barriers for rural electrification and off-grid solutions in both countries are explored across a stakeholder spectrum. It is part of a larger research effort; undertaken in collaboration between Swedish and African researchers from natural; engineering and social sciences; aiming at an interdisciplinary assessment of the potential for an enhanced utilization of available renewable sources in off-grid solutions. By qualitative methodology; data was collected in semi-structured stakeholder interviews carried out with ten national level energy sector actors. Findings illustrate countryspecific institutional; financial and poverty-related drivers and barriers to grid and off-grid electrification; as perceived by different energy sector stakeholders.

Keywords: Rural Electrification; Off-grid Systems; Renewable Energy; Africa; Drivers and Barriers

World Renewable Energy Congress - Sweden; 8-13 May; 2011; Linköping; Sweden

Author:
Helene Ahlborg, Linus Hammar
Title:
Drivers and Barriers to Rural Electrification in Tanzania and Mozambique - Grid Extension; Off-Grid and Renewable Energy Sources
DOI:
http://dx.doi.org/10.3384/ecp110572493
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World Renewable Energy Congress - Sweden; 8-13 May; 2011; Linköping; Sweden

Author:
Helene Ahlborg, Linus Hammar
Title:
Drivers and Barriers to Rural Electrification in Tanzania and Mozambique - Grid Extension; Off-Grid and Renewable Energy Sources
DOI:
https://doi.org10.3384/ecp110572493
Note: the following are taken directly from CrossRef
Citations:
  • Linus Hammar, Jimmy Ehnberg, Alberto Mavume, Boaventura C. Cuamb & Sverker Molander (2012). Renewable ocean energy in the Western Indian Ocean. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 16(7): 4938. DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2012.04.026
  • Geoffrey Gasore, Helene Ahlborg, Etienne Ntagwirumugar & Daniel Zimmerle (2021). Progress for On-Grid Renewable Energy Systems: Identification of Sustainability Factors for Small-Scale Hydropower in Rwanda. Energies, 14(4): 826. DOI: 10.3390/en14040826
  • Linus Hammar, Jimmy Ehnberg, Alberto Mavume, Francisco Francisc & Sverker Molander (2012). Simplified site-screening method for micro tidal current turbines applied in Mozambique. Renewable Energy, 44: 414. DOI: 10.1016/j.renene.2012.02.010


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