Work Smart - Reducing Effort in Short-Answer Grading

Margot Mieskes
Hochschule Darmstadt, h_da, Darmstadt, Germany

Ulrike Pado
Hochschule für Technik Stuttgart, HFT, Stuttgart, Germany

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Ingår i: Proceedings of the 7th Workshop on NLP for Computer Assisted Language Learning (NLP4CALL 2018) at SLTC, Stockholm, 7th November 2018

Linköping Electronic Conference Proceedings 152:7, s. 57-68

NEALT Proceedings Series 36:7, s. 57-68

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Publicerad: 2018-11-02

ISBN: 978-91-7685-173-9

ISSN: 1650-3686 (tryckt), 1650-3740 (online)


In language (and content) instruction, free-text questions are important instruments for gauging student ability. Grading is often done manually, so that frequent testing means high teacher workloads. We propose a new strategy for supporting manual graders: We carefully analyse the performance of automated graders individually and as a grader ensemble and present a procedure to guide manual effort and to estimate the size of the remaining grading error. We evaluate our approach on a range of data sets to demonstrate its robustness.


short-answer grading, machine grading, manual grading support


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