Utilisation of Hydrogeothermal Energy by Use of Heat Pumps in Serbia - Current State and Perspectives

Dejan Milenic
Univesity of Belgrade, Faculty of Mining and Geology, Department for Hydrogeology, Belgrade, Serbia

Ana Vranjes
Univesity of Belgrade, Faculty of Mining and Geology, Department for Hydrogeology, Belgrade, Serbia

Ladda ner artikelhttp://dx.doi.org/10.3384/ecp110571265

Ingår i: World Renewable Energy Congress - Sweden; 8-13 May; 2011; Linköping; Sweden

Linköping Electronic Conference Proceedings 57:5, s. 1265-1272

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Publicerad: 2011-11-03

ISBN: 978-91-7393-070-3

ISSN: 1650-3686 (tryckt), 1650-3740 (online)


The development strategy of the energy sector in Serbia anticipates the intensive utilisation of renewable hydrogeothermal energy sources by using energy efficient technologies. The main aim of the paper is to perceive; for the first time; quantities and possibilities of the utilisation of available hydrogeothermal energy accumulated in groundwater with the temperature up to 30 oC in the concept of the substitution of fossil fuels by renewable energy sources in the Republic of Serbia. The available quantities of groundwater have been observed by regions whose borders correspond with hydrogeological characteristics of the terrain and conditions of groundwater formation. The territory of the Republic of Serbia is divided into eastern part; to which there belong estimated quantities of about 7400 l·s-1; namely the available heat power amounts about 200 MW; central and western parts of the territory (to which the capital city Belgrade also belongs) have about 14900 l·s-1; which is adequate to about 400 MW of heat power; and northern part of the territory with available 6600 l·s-1; namely about 180 MW of heat power. If we take into account the territory of the whole Republic; the available resources of subgeothermal energy amount about 28m3·s-1; namely over 770MW of heat power.


Hydrogeothermal energy; Subgeothermal energy; Groundwaters; Serbia


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