Conference article

Polysemy, underspecification, and aspects - Questions of lumping or splitting in the construction of Swedish FrameNet

Karin Friberg Heppin
Språkbanken, Department of Swedish, University of Gothenburg, Sweden

Dana Dannélls
Språkbanken, Department of Swedish, University of Gothenburg, Sweden

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Published in: Proceedings of the Workshop on Semantic resources and Semantic Annotation for Natural Language Processing and the Digital Humanities at NODALIDA 2015, Vilnius, 11th May, 2015

Linköping Electronic Conference Proceedings 112:3, p. 12–20

NEALT Proceedings Series 27:3, p. 12–20

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Published: 2015-05-06

ISBN: 978-91-7519-049-5

ISSN: 1650-3686 (print), 1650-3740 (online)


When working on a lexical resource, such as Swedish FrameNet (SweFN), assumptions based on linguistic theories are made, and methodological directions based upon them are taken. These directions often need to be revised when not beforehand foreseen problems arise. One assumption that was made already in the early development stages of SweFN was that each lexical entry from the reference lexicon, SALDO, would evoke only one semantic frame in SweFN. If a lexical entry evoked more than one frame, it entailed more than one sense and therefore required a new entry in the lexicon. As work progressed, this inclination towards splitting, in the perpetual lumpers and splitters discussion (Kilgarriff, 1999), proved to be progressively untenable. This paper will give an account of the problems which were encountered and suggestions for solutions on polysemy issues forcing a discussion on lumping or splitting.


polysemy; semantic frames; lexical entries; lexical units; lumping and splitting; frame semantics; Swedish FrameNet


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