Conference article

Open Source Library for the Simulation ofWind Power Plants

Philip Eberhart
TGM Wien XX, College of Engineering, Austria

Tek Shan Chung
TGM Wien XX, College of Engineering, Austria

Anton Haumer
OTH Regensburg, Germany

Christian Kral
TGM Wien XX, College of Engineering, Austria

Download articlehttp://dx.doi.org/10.3384/ecp15118929

Published in: Proceedings of the 11th International Modelica Conference, Versailles, France, September 21-23, 2015

Linköping Electronic Conference Proceedings 118:101, s. 929-936

Show more +

Published: 2015-09-18

ISBN: 978-91-7685-955-1

ISSN: 1650-3686 (print), 1650-3740 (online)

Abstract

This paper presents the new open source Modelica libraryWindPowerPlants. For the economic assessment of either a wind power plant or an entire wind park, the accurate prediction of the energy output is essential. Such prediction is usually performed by means of calculations based on statistical wind data. The proposed WindPowerPlants library is capable of assessing the energy output both for statistical and real wind data based on time domain simulations.

In the presented version of the library wind turbine models are modeled with pitch control. The generator models have variable speed and an optional connector to the mains. The entire library is based on power balance conditions and losses are fully neglected. Yet, the library can be extended towards more detailed models considering different types of losses.

The structure and components of the library are presented. Simulations examples are shown and compared with reference data. The applicability of the proposed WindPowerPlants library is demonstrated and possible enhancements are discussed.

Keywords

Wind power pants; pitch control; variable speed; energy; power; statistical wind data

References

S. Ahmed, M.A Rashid, S.B. Yaakob, and A Yusof. Pitch angle control of a grid connected wind turbine. Intelligent and Advanced Systems (ICIAS), 2014 5th International Conference on, pages 1–6, June 2014. doi: 10.1109/ICIAS.2014.6869523.

O. Alizadeh and A. Yazdani. A strategy for real power control in a direct-drive pmsg-based wind energy conversion system. Power Delivery, IEEE Transactions on, 28(3):1297–1305, July 2013. ISSN 0885-8977. doi: 10.1109/TPWRD.2013.2258177.

P.M. Anderson and Anjan Bose. Stability simulation of wind turbine systems. IEEE Transactions on Power Apparatus and Systems, PAS-102(12):3791 – 3795, 12 1983. ISSN 0018-9510. doi: 10.1109/TPAS.1983.317873.

I. Catana, C. A. Safta, and V. Panduru. Power optimization control system of wind turbines by changing the pitch angle. U.P.B. Sci. Bull., Series D, 72(1):141–148, 2010.

Zhaobin Du, Jingshang Chen, Yaopeng Huang, Peng Shen, and Shangyun Liu. The research of simplification of doubly-fed wind turbine in the small signal stability analysis. Power and Energy Engineering Conference (APPEEC), 2014 IEEE PES Asia-Pacific, pages 1–6, Dec 2014. doi: 10.1109/APPEEC.2014.7066161.

Olaf Enge-Rosenblatt and Peter Schneider. Modelica wind turbine models with structural changes related to different operating modes. Modelica Conference, 2008.

A. Haumer, C. Kral, J. V. Gragger, and H. Kapeller. Quasistationary modeling and simulation of electrical circuits using complex phasors. International Modelica Conference, 6th, Bielefeld, Germany, pages 229–236, 2008.

Siegfried Heier. Windkraftanlagen: Systemauslegung, Netzintegration und Regelung. Vieweg + Teubner, 5 edition, 2009.

Mehdi, Allagui1, Othman B.k, Hasnaoui, Jamel, and Belhadj. Exploitation of pitch control to improve the integration of a direct drive wind turbine to the grid. J. Electrical Systems, 9(2):179–190, 2013.

A Merabet, J. Thongam, and J. Gu. Torque and pitch angle control for variable speed wind turbines in all operating regimes. Environment and Electrical Engineering (EEEIC), 2011 10th International Conference on, pages 1–5, May 2011. doi: 10.1109/EEEIC.2011.5874598.

L. Mihet-Popa, F. Blaabjerg, and I Boldea. Wind turbine generator modeling and simulation where rotational speed is the controlled variable. Industry Applications, IEEE Transactions on, 40(1):3–10, Jan 2004. ISSN 0093-9994. doi: 10.1109/TIA.2003.821810. Wind turbine control pitchpower torque.

S.M. Muyeen. Wind Energy Conversion Systems. Springer, 2012. ISBN 978-1-4471-2201-2.

Joel Petersson, Hubertus Tummescheit, Pär Isaksson, and Johan Ylikiiskilä. Modeling and simulation of a vertical wind power plant in dymola/modelica. Proceedings of the 9 th International Modelica Conference, 2012. doi: 10.3384/ecp12076631.

M. Strobel, F. Vorpahl, C. Hillmann, X. Gu, A. Zuga, and U. Wihlfahrt. The onwind modelica library for offshore wind turbines – implementation and first results. Modelica Conference, 2011.

J.S. Thongam, P. Bouchard, H. Ezzaidi, and M. Ouhrouche. Wind speed sensorless maximum power point tracking control of variable speed wind energy conversion systems. Electric Machines and Drives Conference, 2009. IEMDC ’09. IEEE International, pages 1832–1837, May 2009. doi: 10.1109/IEMDC.2009.5075452.

Ming Yin, Gengyin Li, Ming Zhou, and Chengyong Zhao. Modeling of the wind turbine with a permanent magnet synchronous generator for integration. Power Engineering So- ciety General Meeting, 2007. IEEE, pages 1–6, June 2007. ISSN 1932-5517. doi: 10.1109/PES.2007.385982.

Xibo Yuan and Yongdong Li. Control of variable pitch and variable speed direct-drive wind turbines in weak grid systems with active power balance. Renewable Power Generation, IET, 8(2):119–131, March 2014. ISSN 1752-1416. doi: 10.1049/iet-rpg.2012.0212.

Citations in Crossref