Conference article

Temperature Effects in Anaerobic Digestion Modeling

Wenche Hennie Bergland
Department of Process, Energy and Environmental Technology, Telemark University College, Norway

Carlos Dinamarca
Department of Process, Energy and Environmental Technology, Telemark University College, Norway

Rune Bakke
Department of Process, Energy and Environmental Technology, Telemark University College, Norway

Download article

Published in: Proceedings of the 56th Conference on Simulation and Modelling (SIMS 56), October, 7-9, 2015, Linköping University, Sweden

Linköping Electronic Conference Proceedings 119:26, s. 261-269

Show more +

Published: 2015-11-25

ISBN: 978-91-7685-900-1

ISSN: 1650-3686 (print), 1650-3740 (online)


Temperature effects on kinetic coefficients for the biochemical processes particle disintegration, hydrolysis and substrate uptake reactions were included in the anaerobic digestion model 1 (ADM1). It was evaluated on data from a pilot experiments in a 220 liter AD sludge bed reactor treating diary manure for 4 months of varying loads and temperatures; 25, 30 and 35 °C. Implementing individual temperature effects for each biochemical reaction gave the best fit for both biogas production and intermediate products. Simulated overall soluble and particulate organic carbon removal, pH and acetate are close to measured values while propionate is underestimated. Temperature has a moderate influence on steady state biogas production in sludge bed AD (1.6 % per degree at 30 – 35 °C and 3.4 % per degree at 25 – 30 °C), implying the net energy gain can peak at T < 35 °C in some cases.


Anaerobic digestion; sludge bed; temperature dependence; ADM1


Banik, G., Viraraghavan, T., Dague, R. (1998). Low temperature effects on anaerobic microbial kinetic parameters. Environmental Technology, 19(5), 503-512.

Batstone, D., Keller, J., Angelidaki, I., Kalyuzhnyi, S., Pavlostathis, S., Rozzi, A., . . . Vavilin, V. (2002). Anaerobic Digestion Model No. 1 (ADM1). Tech. rep., IWA Publishing.

Bergland, W., Dinamarca, C., Bakke, R. (2014). Efficient biogas production from the liquid fraction of diary manure. Renewable Energy & Power Quality Journal (RE&PQJ), 12.

Bergland, W., Dinamarca, C., Toradzadegan, M., Nordgård, A., Bakke, I., Bakke, R. (2015). High rate manure supernatant digestion. Water Research, 76, 1-9.

Donoso-Bravo, A., Retamal, C., Carballa, M., Ruiz-Filippi, G., Chamy, R. (2009). Influence of temperature on the hydrolysis, acidogenesis and methanogenesis in mesophilic anaerobic digestion: parameter identification and modeling application. Water Science and Technology, 60(1), 9-17.

Grant, S., Lin, K. (1995). Effects of temperature and organic loading on the performance of upflow anaerobic sludge blanket reactors. Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering, 22(1), 143-149.

Hafner, S., Bisogni, J. (2009). Modeling of ammonia speciation in anaerobic digesters. Water Research, 43(17), 4105-4114.

Haugen, F., Bakke, R., Lie, B. (2013). Adapting Dynamic Mathematical Models to a Pilot Anaerobic Digestion Reactor. Modeling, Identification and Control, 34(2), 35-54.

Henze, M., Harremoes, P. (1983). Anaerobic treatment of wastewater in fixed film reactors - A litterature review. Water Science and Technology, 15(8-9), 1-101.

Hinshelwood, C. (1947). The Chemical Kinetics of the Bacterial Cell. London: Oxford University Press. Kettunen, R., Rintala, J. (1997). The effect of low temperature (5-29 degrees C) and adaptation on the methanogenic activity of biomass. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, 48(4), 570-576.

Kleerebezem, R., van Loosdrecht, M. (2006). Critical analysis of some concepts proposed in ADM1. Water Science and Technology, 54(4), 51-57.

Lin, C., Noike, T., Sato, K., Matsumoto, J. (1987). Temperature characteristics of the methanogenesis process in anaerobic-digestion. Water Science and Technology, 19(1-2), 299-310.

Monod, J. (1949). The Growth of Bacterial Cultures. Annual Review of Microbiology, 3, 371-394.

Møller, H., Sommer, S., Ahring, B. (2004). Methane productivity of manure, straw and solid fractions of manure. Biomass & Bioenergy, 26(5), 485-495.

Pavlostathis, S., Giraldo-Gomez, E. (1991). Kinetics of anaerobic treatment: A critical review. Critical Reviews in Environmental Control, 21(5-6), 411-490.

Rebac, S., Ruskova, J., Gerbens, S., Vanlier, J., Stams, A., Lettinga, G. (1995). High-rate anaerobic treatment of waste-water under psychrophilic conditions. Journal of Fermentation and Bioengineering, 80(5), 499-506.

Saravanan, V., Hemachandran, B., Raj, A., Sundaram, S. (2000). Liquid phase volumetric mass transfer coefficient in dairy effluent stream. Bioprocess Engineering, 23(2), 175-176.

Vavilin, V., Lokshina, L., Rytov, S., Kotsyurbenko, O., Nozhevnikova, A., Parshina, S. (1997). Modelling methanogenesis during anaerobic conversion of complex organic matter at low temperatures. Water Science and Technology, 36(6-7), 531-538.

Veeken, A., Hamelers, B. (1999). Effect of temperature on hydrolysis rates of selected biowaste components. Bioresource Technology, 69(3), 249-254.

Citations in Crossref