Conference article

FMI and IP Protection of Models: A Survey of Use Cases and Support in the Standard

Erik Durling
Modelon AB, Sweden

Elias Palmkvist
Modelon AB, Sweden

Maria Henningsson
Modelon AB, Sweden

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Published in: Proceedings of the 12th International Modelica Conference, Prague, Czech Republic, May 15-17, 2017

Linköping Electronic Conference Proceedings 132:36, p. 329-335

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Published: 2017-07-04

ISBN: 978-91-7685-575-1

ISSN: 1650-3686 (print), 1650-3740 (online)


FMI is increasingly being adopted as a standard for exchanging simulation models within and between organizations. Such models often represent significant investments for the model creator. There is thus a large interest in protecting intellectual property while collaborating and sharing simulation model in the form of FMUs. This paper presents a collection of use cases and issues related to IP protection of model contents that have been identified in interviews with industrial representatives. The requirements in each use case are described, along with an investigation of how well the use cases can be managed within the current version of the FMI standard, and proposed extension of the standard.


FMI, IP protection, model exchange


FMI for Model Exchange and Co-Simulation, Version 2.0:

Köhler J., Heinkel H.-M., Mai P., Krasser J., Deppe M., Nagasawa M. Modelica-Association-Project “System Structure and Parameterization” – Early Insights. The First Japanese Modelica Conferences, May 23-24, Tokyo, Japan, 2016. doi:

Köhler J., King J., Kübler M. Simulation of Complete Systems at ZF using Modelica Standards, The First Japanese Modelica Conferences, May 23-24, Tokyo, Japan, 2016. doi: https://doi.org10.3384/ecp1612424

“Smart Systems Engineering” project of the iViP Association:

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