Conference article

Using authentic texts for grammar exercises for a minority language

Lene Antonsen
UiT The Arctic Universit, Norway

Chiara Argese
UiT The Arctic Universit, Norway

Download article

Published in: Proceedings of the 7th Workshop on NLP for Computer Assisted Language Learning (NLP4CALL 2018) at SLTC, Stockholm, 7th November 2018

Linköping Electronic Conference Proceedings 152:1, p. 1-9

NEALT Proceedings Series 36:1, p. 1-9

Show more +

Published: 2018-11-02

ISBN: 978-91-7685-173-9

ISSN: 1650-3686 (print), 1650-3740 (online)


This paper presents an ATICALL (Authentic Text ICALL) system with automatic visual input enhancement activities for training complex inflection systems in a minority language. We have adapted the freely available VIEW system which was designed to automatically generate activities from any web content.

Our system is based on finite state transducers (FST) and Constraint Grammar, originally built for other purposes. The paper describes ways of handling ambiguity in the target form in the exercises, and ways of handling the challenges for VIEW posed by authentic text, typical for a minority language: variations in orthography, and large proportion of nonnormative forms.


ICALL, morphology, minority language


Lene Antonsen. 2013a. Cállinmeattáhusaid guorran. [English summary: Tracking misspellings]. Sámi diedalaš áigecála, 2/2013:7–32.

Lene Antonsen. 2013b. Constraints in free-input question-answering drills. In Proceedings o
the second workshop on NLP for computerassisted language learning (NoDaLiDa 2013), volume 17 of Proceedings Series, pages 11–26, Oslo. NEALT.

Lene Antonsen, Ciprian Gerstenberger, Maja Kappfjell, Sandra Nystø Rahka, Marja-Liisa Olthuis, Trond Trosterud, and Francis M. Tyers. 2017. Machine translation with North Saami as a pivot language. In Proceedings of the 21st Nordic Conference of Computational Linguistics (NoDaLiDa 2017), volume 29 of NEALT Proceedings Series, pages 123–131, Linköping, Sweden. Linköping University Electronic Press.

Lene Antonsen, Ryan Johnson, Trond Trosterud, and Heli Uibo. 2013. Generating modular grammar exercises with finite-state transducers. In Proceedings of the second workshop on NLP for computer-assisted language learning (NoDaLiDa 2013), volume 17 of NEALT Proceedings Series, pages 27–38.

Lene Antonsen and Trond Trosterud. 2017. Ord sett innafra og utafra – en datalingvistisk analyse av nordsamisk. Norsk lingvistisk tidsskrift, 35(1):153–185.

Lene Antonsen, Trond Trosterud, and Linda Wiechetek. 2010. Reusing grammatical resources for new languages. In Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC 2010), pages 2782–2789, Stroudsburg. The Association for Computational Linguistics, ELRA.

Kenneth R. Beesley and Lauri Karttunen. 2003. Finite State Morphology. CSLI Studies in Computational Linguistics. CSLI publications, Stanford, USA.

Megan Bontogon, Antti Arppe, Lene Antonsen, Dorothy Thunder, and Jordan Lachler. 2018. Intelligent Computer Assisted Language Learning (ICALL) for nêhiyawêwin: An In-Depth User Experience Evaluation. The Canadian Modern Languages Review, 74(3).

Nils Øivind Helander. 2016. Ohppojuvvon ja sohppojuvvon giella. Gielladidolašvuohta, cálamáhttu ja guovttegielatvuohta. Diedut 1/2016. Sámi Allaskuvla, Guovdageaidnu.

Fred Karlsson. 1990. Constraint grammar as a framework for parsing running text. In Papers Presented to the 13th International Conference on Computational Linguistics (COLING-90) on the Occasion of the 25th Anniversary of COLING and the 350th Anniversary of Helsinki University, volume 3, Helsinki. Yliopistopaino.

Fred Karlsson, Atro Voutilainen, Juha Heikkilä, and Arto Anttila. 1995. Constraint Grammar. A Language-Independent System for Parsing Unrestricted Text. Mouton de Gruyter, Berlin – New York.

Detmar Meurers, Ramon Ziai, Luiz Amaral, Adriane Boyd, Aleksandar Dimitros, Vanessa Metcalf, and Niels Ott. 2011. Enhancing authentic web pages for language learners. In Proceedings for the 5th Workshop on Innovative Use of NLP for Building Educational Applications (BEA-5) at NAACL-HLT 2010, pages 10–18, Los Angeles.

Robert Reynolds, Eduard Schaf, and Detmar Meurers. 2014. A VIEW of Russian: Visual input enhancement and adaptive feedback. In Proceedings of the third workshop on NLP for computer-assisted language learning at SLTC 2014, Uppsala University, pages 98–112.

Linköping Electronic Conference Proceedings. Pekka Sammallahti. 1998. Saamic. In Daniel Abondolo, editor, The Uralic Languages, pages 43–96. Routledge, London.

Richard W. Schmidt. 1990. The role of consciousness in second language learning. Applied Linguistics, 11(2):129–158.

VISL-group. 2008. Constraint grammar. Documentation on internet.

Citations in Crossref