Conference article

Modeling of PMU-Based Automatic Re-synchronization Controls for DER Generators in Power Distribution Networks using Modelica and the OpenIPSL

Biswarup Mukherjee
Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, India

Luigi Vanfretti
Electrical, Computer, and Systems Engineering, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI), USA

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Published in: Proceedings of the 13th International Modelica Conference, Regensburg, Germany, March 4–6, 2019

Linköping Electronic Conference Proceedings 157:62, p. 10

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Published: 2019-02-01

ISBN: 978-91-7685-122-7

ISSN: 1650-3686 (print), 1650-3740 (online)


Re-synchronization is traditionally coordinated between the electric power transmission network operators and power plants in an isolated portion of the grid. As the number of DER continues to increase with the rise of renewable energy sources located at the lower voltage networks, automatic re-synchronization methods that can be applied to a great number of DER are desirable. This paper describes the architecture and modeling of an automatic re-synchronization controller, which can be applied to synchronize an islanded portion of the grid by using remote measurements to drive a Distributed Energy Resource (DER) within the islanded network. The controller’s re-synchronization function uses bus frequency measurements, which are derived using bus voltage phasors and a new bus frequency computation technique that can be used during the execution of dynamic simulations. This paper also introduces a new bus-angle difference control function within the re-synchronization control system, which allows monitoring the phase angle difference between two buses so to avoid unwanted re-synchronization. The effect of the angle difference control function is evaluated using a controlled circuit breaker considering different power dispatch levels of the generator in the distribution network model. Both deterministic and stochastic load models are used to analyze the performance of the automatic re-synchronization control system.


Automatic re-synchronization controller; phase angle difference controller; power distribution network; synchrophasors; Modelica; OpenIPSL


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