Conference article

Control vs. Raising in English. A Dependency Grammar Account

Timothy Osborne
Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China

Matthew Reeve
Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China

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Published in: Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Dependency Linguistics (Depling 2017), September 18-20, 2017, Università di Pisa, Italy

Linköping Electronic Conference Proceedings 139:21, p. 176-186

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Published: 2017-09-13

ISBN: 978-91-7685-467-9

ISSN: 1650-3686 (print), 1650-3740 (online)


This contribution presents a dependency grammar (DG) account of control and raising in English. Due to the minimalism of DG analyses of sentence structure, the difference between control and raising cannot be captured in the syntactic structure alone. The situation forces the DG account to reach to some other aspect of dependency syntax other than the raw hierarchies of structure to account for the differences between control and raising. This other aspect is valency. Valency has, of course, been a central subtheory of dependency syntax since Tesnière (1959/2015: Book D). By augmenting the valency frames of predicates to distinguish between valents that are and are not semantic arguments of the predicate at hand, the differences between control and raising can be acknowledged and accommodated.


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