Conference article

Mass Detonation or Recovery - Environmental Impact of Different Ammunition Destruction Methods

Emma Nehrenheim
Department of Public technology, Mälardalen University, Sweden

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Published in: Proceedings from the Third International Disposal Conference; Karlskoga; Sweden; 10-11 November; 2003

Linköping Electronic Conference Proceedings 9:16, p. 89–93

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Published: 2003-11-07


ISSN: 1650-3686 (print), 1650-3740 (online)


A close examination of Swedish ammunition disposal reveals; among other things; that the use of resources and energy; not the least in connection with transportation; seems to be an often neglected environmental impact issue. Being international in nature; the problems connec­ted with these issues can be solved only by international co-operation. The Swedish Defense Material Administration (FMV) is a state agency that can influence consideration given to environmental issues. In connection with tender in­quiries on open ammunition disposal; FMV can define a number of environment-related demands. One such demand has been studied at Mälardalen University. It was found that the environmental aspects of transportation are as a rule neglected in an overall assessment. Road transportation of ammunition as well as handling at the disposal site are indeed important issues of the entire disposal process.

Today’s main reason for the ammunition industry to pay due attention to the eventual disposal process; is that recovery of materials in connection with ammunition disposal considerably reduces the environmental impact. Furthermore; doing business with recovered materials is a profitable side effect. Another side effect of careful planning of this type of processing is the positive influence on human health and biological diversity.


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