The Roof Garden in Japanese Modern Architecture: From the End of World War II until 1966

Michiya Tsukano
Graduate School, Hiroshima University, Japan

Shoichiro Sendai
Graduate School, Hiroshima University, Japan

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Ingår i: KEER2014. Proceedings of the 5th Kanesi Engineering and Emotion Research; International Conference; Linköping; Sweden; June 11-13

Linköping Electronic Conference Proceedings 100:12, s. 157-169

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Publicerad: 2014-06-11

ISBN: 978-91-7519-276-5

ISSN: 1650-3686 (tryckt), 1650-3740 (online)


The purpose of this paper is to clarify the architectural Kansei (sensibility) in Japan since World War II until 1966. Therefore; the authors discuss how the “roof garden;” which did not exist in Japan before then; was transplanted from European Modern to Japanese Modern architecture and how it was applied. In this paper; we adopt the following five indexes: “use;” “building type;” “material;” “structure;” and “location;” using several architectural journals. We have concentrated on the great change in roof gardens in Japanese Modern since 1954 due to the economic growth caused by exceptional procurement during the Korean War; We divided the 1945-1966 period into two parts and analyzed the change in roof gardens by comparing the gardens of each period. As a result; the transitions in the five indexes have become apparent. The roof garden after World War II has been expanding to a range from an international-style architecture seeking the universal rationality to architecture that exceeds rationality and the utilitarian. Moreover; diminishing of the “view;” which had been the subject of roof gardens in the pre-war period due to the high economic growth; has led to fumbling for new functions of the roof garden. In other words; a roof garden in Japan after World War II has been changing in various ways while being involved in the attenuation of architectural kansei (sensibility) of “view.”


Architectural Kansei; Japanese Modern Architecture; Roof Garden; Economic Growth.


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