The Study on Playability of Toys for Children Based on Different Temperaments

Yi-he Li
National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan

Min-yuan Ma
National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan

Wei-chen Li
Ben-Gang Elementary School, Taoyuan, Taiwan

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Ingår i: KEER2014. Proceedings of the 5th Kanesi Engineering and Emotion Research; International Conference; Linköping; Sweden; June 11-13

Linköping Electronic Conference Proceedings 100:28, s. 363-374

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Publicerad: 2014-06-11

ISBN: 978-91-7519-276-5

ISSN: 1650-3686 (tryckt), 1650-3740 (online)


Children gain knowledge through internalization; adjustment; and construction of individually contact with surrounding environment. During infant phase; a game is life; and life is a game. Toys have become a powerful tool to facilitate children’s growth and learning. Besides; Children are born with their natural style of interacting with or reacting to people; places; and things—it is their temperament. Children with different temperaments need different teaching aids in their development. To promote effective learning and in order to stimulate their interest in games; it is important to select appropriate toys for the children with different temperaments. It would help to improve learning effects if adults timely provide children with help and guide. To achieve the above targets; this study aims to builds the relationship between child temperament and toy categories in order to discuss the playability of toys for children based on different temperaments. Study steps are as follows:(1)Classify preschool children by temperament test; and pick up representative toys as the experimental samples according to Piaget’s game theory.(2) Discuss with experts in EGM and extract the possible playability of toy from it. Classify and arrange data with Factor analysis. (3)When observing the preference of children picking different sort of toys; confirm the attractive factors for playing games continuously by arranging the possible playability with experts.(4)The operating time and frequency of playing toys would be recorded in the experimental procedure.(5)Study if there was preference of different temperament children for toy categories; and built the connection between the playability of toys and temperament of children. This study builds the relationship between child temperament and toy categories in order to discuss the playability of toys for children based on different temperaments. It provides childhood educator a reference to choose toys; but also a design guideline for toy designer.


Temperament; toy; preference


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