Influence of Fiber’s Surface Morphology Change on Anti-pilling Performance of Woolen Knitted Fabric

Masukuni Mori
Mori Consultant Engineering Office, Japan

Takako Fujimoto
Hokkaido University of Education, Japan

Machiko Murakami
Gifu City Women’s Junior College, Japan

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Ingår i: KEER2014. Proceedings of the 5th Kanesi Engineering and Emotion Research; International Conference; Linköping; Sweden; June 11-13

Linköping Electronic Conference Proceedings 100:66, s. 789-797

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Publicerad: 2014-06-11

ISBN: 978-91-7519-276-5

ISSN: 1650-3686 (tryckt), 1650-3740 (online)


Although the main factor controlling pill generation at the time of wearing wool knitted articles is the knitting structure of the raw material; the strength of yarn; the number of twist of yarn; the fabric design; the gauge number and so on; it is influenced also by the dyeing / finishing method of the knitted fabric after knitting as well.

In this paper; the influence of change in surface morphology of raw material fiber on pill generation is investigated (along with mechanical and physical properties of fabrics). Fabric samples are treated with several physicochemical processing. The difference in condition of scales and the relation with pill generation were discussed and clarified. The plain knit wear is widely used for sportswear and child’s underwear subjected to high activity. Such clothing necessitates comfortable and soft touch and besides the surface of the clothing must be kept smooth and anti-pilling condition. These requirements are hopeful for comfortable clothing life. Thus; the present paper is believed to be a suitable topic relevant to Kansei Engineering.


Pilling; Surface morphology; Wool-Knit; Physicochemical treat


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