Modelling of a Hydro Power Station in an Island Operation

Arndís Magnúsdóttir
Verkís hf, Iceland

Dietmar Winkler
University College of Southeast Norway

Ladda ner artikelhttp://dx.doi.org/10.3384/ecp17132483

Ingår i: Proceedings of the 12th International Modelica Conference, Prague, Czech Republic, May 15-17, 2017

Linköping Electronic Conference Proceedings 132:55, s. 483-492

Visa mer +

Publicerad: 2017-07-04

ISBN: 978-91-7685-575-1

ISSN: 1650-3686 (tryckt), 1650-3740 (online)


There is a strong focus on new renewable energy sources, such as, solar power, wind energy and biomass, in the con- text of reducing carbon emissions. Because of its maturity, hydropower is often overlooked. However, there is an era of hydro oriented research in improving many aspects of this well established technology. Representing a physical system of a hydropower plant by mathematical models can serve as a powerful tool for analysing and predicting the system performance during disturbances. Furthermore it can create opportunities in investigating more advanced control method. A simulation model of a reference hydropower station located in northwest of Iceland was implemented using the modelling language Modelica. The main simulation scenarios of interest were: 20 % load rejection, worst-case scenario of full shut-down and pressure rise in the pressure shaft due to the water hammer effect. This paper will show that the different simulation scenarios were successfully carried out based on the given the data available of the Fossárvirkjun power plant. The load rejection simulation gave expected results and was verified against a reference results from manufacturer.


Hydropower in Iceland, modelling, simulation, island operation, Modelica, Dymola, Electric Power Li-brary, Hydro Power Library, water hammer effect


Dassault Systèmes (2016). Dymola. Modelon. URL: http://www.dymola.com (visited on 05/28/2016).

Elmqvist, Hilding, Hubertus Tummescheit, and Martin Otter (2003). “Object-oriented modeling of thermo-fluid systems”. In: pp. 269–286. URL: http://elib.dlr.de/11988/ (visited on 05/30/2016).

International Hydropower Association (2016). A brief history of hydropower. International Hydropower Association. URL: http://www.hydropower.org/a-brief-history-of-hydropower (visited on 05/28/2016).

Kiselev, G. S. (1974). “Effect of water inertia in penstocks on regulating characteristics of hydraulic units”. In: Hydrotechnical Construction 8.4, pp. 337–341. ISSN: 1570-1468. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02406941. URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02406941.

Modelon AB (2016). Modelon Libraries. Modelon. URL: http://www.modelon.com/products/modelica-libraries/ (visited on 05/28/2016).

Munoz-Hernandez, German Ardul, Sa’ad Petrous Mansoor, and D. I Jones (2013). Modelling and controlling hydropower plants. London; New York: Springer. ISBN: 978-1-4471-2291-3. URL: http://public.eblib.com/choice/publicfullrecord.aspx?p=973672  visited on 05/25/2016).

Refurbishment of the Fossár hydro Power Plant (2015). Verkís. URL: http://www.verkis.com/about-us/news/refurbishment-of-the-fossarvirkjun-power-plant (visited on 05/28/2016).

Tiller, Michael M. (2016). Modelica By Example. Ed. by Michael M. Tiller. URL: http://book.xogeny.com/ (visited on 01/20/2017).

Citeringar i Crossref