Use of welfare technology to increase employment of individuals with intellectual disabilities

Sofie Wass
Department of Health and Sport Sciences, University of Agder, Grimstad, Norway

Carl Erik Moe
Department of Information Systems, University of Agder, Kristiansand, Norway

Elin Thygesen
Department of Health and Nursing Science, University of Agder, Kristiansand, Norway

Silje Haugland
Department of Psycosocial Health, University of Agder, Grimstad, Norway

Ladda ner artikel

Ingår i: Proceedings from The 16th Scandinavian Conference on Health Informatics 2018, Aalborg, Denmark August 28–29, 2018

Linköping Electronic Conference Proceedings 151:3, s. 11-15

Visa mer +

Publicerad: 2018-08-24

ISBN: 978-91-7685-213-2

ISSN: 1650-3686 (tryckt), 1650-3740 (online)


Welfare technology can be applied to increase the involvement and independence of individuals with disabilities. While it is mainly applied for elderly, there are also initiatives for persons with intellectual disabilities, for different purposes. This group is currently marginalized in the labour market and there is a need to increase the support for employment. In this study, we provide an overview of previous literature reviews on intellectual disability and employment. Based on these findings, we discuss in which areas welfare technology could support employment of individuals with intellectual disabilities. The results show that employer attitudes, job coaches and support programs are important for employment. Drawing on prioritised areas within welfare technology, we recommend to study how technology can be supportive within these areas, focusing on social inclusion in working life, a structured working life and public service delivery.


Intellectual Disability, Employment, Technology.


[1] Brynn R. Universal Design and Welfare Technology. Studies in health technology and informatics 2016: 229: 335-44.

[2] Socialstyrelsen. E-hälsa och välfärdsteknik i kommunerna 2017.

[3] Norges offentlige utredninger. Innovasjon i omsorg. 2011.

[4] Hofmann B. Ethical Challenges with Welfare Technology: A Review of the Literature. Sci Eng Ethics. 2013: 19(2): 389-406.

[5] Stowe S, Harding S. Telecare, telehealth and telemedicine. Eur Geriatr Med. 2010: 1 (3): 193-7.

[6] Knarvik U, Rotvold G-H, Bjørvig S, Bakkevoll P-A. unnskapsoppsummering: Velferdsteknologi. Tromsø: Nasjonalt senter for e-helseforskning, 2017; pp. 1-43.

[7] Trondsen MV, Knarvik U. Velferdsteknologi for barn og unge med funksjonsnedsettelser. Tromsø: Nasjonalt senter for e-helseforskning, 2017; pp. 1-34.

[8] Wendelborg C, Kittelsaa AM, Wik SE. Overgang skole arbeidsliv for elever med utviklingshemming. Trondheim, Norge: NTNU Samfunnsforskning AS, 2017.

[9] OECD. Investing in Youth: Norway Paris: OECD Publishing, 2018.

[10] Tideman M, Lövgren V, Szönyi K, Bergkvist C, Haghjo A. Intellektuell funktionsnedsättning och arbete. Stockholm, Sweden: Forte, 2017.

[11] Børne- og Socialministeriet. Modtagere af kontanthjælp med handicap. In: Afdeling for Analyse og Datastrateg, editor, 2018; pp. 1-12.

[12] Kober R, Eggleton IRC. The effect of different types of employment on quality of life. J Intell Disabil Res. 2005: 49 (10): 756-60.

[13] Law M, Steinwender S, Leclair L. Occupation, Health and Well-Being. Can J Occup Ther. 1998: 65 (2): 81-91.

[14] Beyer S, Brown T, Akandi R, Rapley M. A Comparison of Quality of Life Outcomes for People with Intellectual Disabilities in Supported Employment, Day Services and Employment Enterprises. J Appl Res Intellect. 2010: 23 (3): 290-5.

[15] Santilli S, Nota L, Ginevra MC, Soresi S. Career adaptability, hope and life satisfaction in workers with intellectual disability. J Vocat Behav. 2014: 85 (1): 67-74.

[16] Cheng C, Oakman J, Bigby C, Fossey E, Cavanagh J, Meacham H, et al. What constitutes effective support in obtaining and maintaining employment for individuals with intellectual disability? A scoping review. J Intellect Dev Dis. 2017: 1-11.

[17] Ellenkamp JJ, Brouwers EP, Embregts PJ, Joosen MC, van Weeghel J. Work Environment-Related Factors in Obtaining and Maintaining Work in a Competitive Employment Setting for Employees with Intellectual Disabilities: A Systematic Review. J Occup Rehabil. 2016: 26 (1): 56-69.

[18] Hedley D, Uljarevic M, Cameron L, Halder S, Richdale A, Dissanayake C. Employment programmes and interventions targeting adults with autism spectrum disorder: A systematic review of the literature. Autism. 2017: 21 (8): 929-41.

[19] Cavanagh J, Bartram T, Meacham H, Bigby C, Oakman J, Fossey E. Supporting workers with disabilities: a scoping review of the role of human resource management in contemporary organisations. Asia Pac J Hum Resou. 2017: 55 (1): 6-43.

[20] Lövgren V, Markström U, Sauer L. Towards Employment: What Research Says About Support-to-Work in Relation to Psychiatric and Intellectual Disabilities. J Soc Work Disabil Rehab. 2017: 16 (1): 14-37.

[21] Nordens välfärdscenter. Nordisk tankesmedja om välfärdsteknologi 2018 [Available from: https://nordicwelfare.org/projekt/nordisk-tankesmedjaom-valfardsteknologi/.

[22] ICD-10. Den internasjonale statistiske klassifikasjonen av sykdommer og beslektede helseproblemer Diktoratet for e-helse, 2018.

[23] Association AP. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM-5®): American Psychiatric Pub, 2013.

[24] Lindgren I, Jansson G. Electronic services in the public sector: A conceptual framework. Gov Inform Q. 2013: 30 (2): 163-72.

[25] Axelsson K, Melin U, Lindgren I. Public e-services for agency efficiency and citizen benefit — Findings from a stakeholder centered analysis. Gov Inform Q. 2013: 30 (1): 10-22.

Citeringar i Crossref