Towards a Complete Co-Simulation Model Integration Including HMI Aspects

Ingo Staack
Department for Management and Engineering, Linköping University, Sweden

Jörg Schminder
Department for Management and Engineering, Linköping University, Sweden

Owais Shahid
National Electric Vehicle Sweden AB (Nevs), Trollhättan, Sweden

Robert Braun
Department for Management and Engineering, Linköping University, Sweden

Ladda ner artikelhttp://dx.doi.org/10.3384/ecp19162012

Ingår i: FT2019. Proceedings of the 10th Aerospace Technology Congress, October 8-9, 2019, Stockholm, Sweden

Linköping Electronic Conference Proceedings 162:12, s. 112-119

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Publicerad: 2019-10-23

ISBN: 978-91-7519-006-8

ISSN: 1650-3686 (tryckt), 1650-3740 (online)


Modern aircraft can be seen as heterogeneous systems, containing multiple embedded subsystems which are in today’s simulations split into different domain-specific models based on different modelling methods and tools. This paper addresses typical workflow-driven model integration problems with respect to model fidelity, accuracy in combination with the selected abstraction methods and the target system characteristics. A short overview of integration strategies with the help of co-simulation frameworks including an analysis of the inherent problems that emerge because of different domain-specific modelling methods is being given. It is shown that huge benefits can be reached with the help of a smart system break-up. In detail, the discrepancy between the cyber-physical system simulations and human-machine interaction (HMI) models are being analysed. Therefore, a close look on typical shortcomings of behavioural models are being discussed, too. To enable an effort-less human-in-the-loop integration into a cyber-physical system simulation, the usage of flight simulation software, offering real-time capability and a graphical user interface is suggested. This approach is applied to overcome today’s complexity and shortcomings in human psychological models. An example implementation based on a commercial flight simulator software (X-Plane) together with a high-performance system simulation tool (Hopsan) via UDP communication is presented and analysed.


flight simulator, co-simulation, workflow-driven integration, model handling, human-machine interaction, HITL


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