Object-Oriented Decomposition of Tire Characteristics based on semi-empirical Models

Markus Andres
Vorarlberg Univ. of Appl. Sc., Austria

Dirk Zimmer
ETH Zürich, Switzerland

François E. Cellier
ETH Zürich, Switzerland

Ladda ner artikelhttp://dx.doi.org/10.3384/ecp09430029

Ingår i: Proceedings of the 7th International Modelica Conference; Como; Italy; 20-22 September 2009

Linköping Electronic Conference Proceedings 43:2, s. 9-18

Visa mer +

Publicerad: 2009-12-29

ISBN: 978-91-7393-513-5

ISSN: 1650-3686 (tryckt), 1650-3740 (online)


This article introduces a new and freely available Modelica library; called Wheels and Tires; for modeling wheels and tires. The contained models are intended to be used in vehicle simulations; where computational performance is a major concern. Semi-empirical single contact point models are well suited for this kind of applications and are therefore applied in the presented library.

The Wheels and Tires library provides a tool to quickly build custom tire models; and allows a convenient customization of existing models. This is achieved by a modular and expandable design system utilizing well established models. In addition; a set of ready-made models is provided to allow a quick insight in the used modeling structure and to enable a direct application in vehicle models. The final version of the library will be published as a free library via the Modelica website as well as the website of F. E. Cellier.


object-oriented tire modeling; objectoriented tyre modelling; semi-empirical tire model; tire decomposition


[1] J. Andreasson and J. Jarlmark. Modularised tyre modelling in modelica. In Proceedings of the Second International Modelica Conference; Oberpfaffenhofen; Germany ; pages 267–274; 2002.

[2] Johan Andreasson. Vehicledynamics library. In Proceedings of the Third International Modelica Conference; Linköping; Sweden; pages 11–18; 2003.

[3] Markus Andres. Object-oriented modeling of wheels and tires in dymola/modelica. Master’s thesis; Vorarlberg University of Applied Sciences; 2009.

[4] G. Aumann and K. Spitzmüller. Computerorientierte Geometrie. BI-Wiss.-Verl; 1993.

[5] Mats Beckmann and Johan Andreasson. Wheel model library for use in vehicle dynamic studies. In Proceedings of the third Modelica Conference; Linköping; Sweden; pages 385–392; 2003

[6] P. Bohara; A. Saha; P. Ghosh; and M. Roopak. Tyre perfomance prediction through fea. Hasetri - Hari Shankar Singhania Elasotmer and Tyre Research Institute; 2008.

[7] F. E. Cellier and À. Netbot. The modelica bond graph library. In Proceedings of the 4th International Modelica Conference; Hamburg ; pages 57–65; 2005.

[8] John C. Dixon. Tires; Suspension and Handling. Cambridge University Press; 1996. Second Edition.

[9] Günter Leister. Fahrzeugreifen und Fahrwerkentwicklung. Vieweg + Teubner; 2009. 1. Auflage.

[10] Hans B. Pacejka. Tyre and Vehicle Dynamics. Butterworth-Heinemann; 2006. Second Edition.

[11] Georg Rill. Simulation von Kraftfahrzeugen. Vieweg-Verlag; 2007. genehmigter Nachdruck.

[12] Thomas Schmitt. Modeling of a motorcycle in dymola/modelica. Master’s thesis; Vorarlberg University of Applied Sciences; 2009.

[13] Dirk Zimmer. A modelica library for multibond graphs and its application in 3d-mechanics. Master’s thesis; ETH Zürich; 2006.

[14] Dirk Zimmer and Martin Otter. Real-time models for wheels and tires in an object-oriented modeling framework. Accepted for publication in Vehicle Dynamics; 2009.

Citeringar i Crossref