Methyl Ester Production from Chicken Fat With High FFA

Ertan Alptekin
Department of Automotive Engineering Technology, Kocaeli University, Turkey \ Alternative Fuels R&D Center, Kocaeli University, Turkey

Mustafa Canakci
Department of Automotive Engineering Technology, Kocaeli University, Turkey \ Alternative Fuels R&D Center, Kocaeli University, Turkey

Huseyin Sanli
Alternative Fuels R&D Center, Kocaeli University, Turkey \ Golcuk Vocational High School, Kocaeli University, Turkey

Ladda ner artikelhttp://dx.doi.org/10.3384/ecp11057319

Ingår i: World Renewable Energy Congress - Sweden; 8-13 May; 2011; Linköping; Sweden

Linköping Electronic Conference Proceedings 57:43, s. 319-326

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Publicerad: 2011-11-03

ISBN: 978-91-7393-070-3

ISSN: 1650-3686 (tryckt), 1650-3740 (online)


In biodiesel production; to use low cost feedstock such as rendered animal fats may reduce the biodiesel cost. One of the low cost feedstock is the chicken fat for biodiesel production. However; chicken fats often contain significant amounts of free fatty acid (FFA) which cannot be converted to biodiesel using an alkaline catalyst due to the formation of soap. Therefore; the FFA level should be reduced to desired level (below 1%) by using an acid catalyst before transesterification. For this aim; sulfuric; hydrochloric and sulfamic (amidosulphonic) acids were used for pretreatment reactions and the variables affecting the FFA level were investigated by using the chicken fat with 13.45% FFA. After reducing the free fatty acid level of the chicken fat to less than 1%; the transesterification reaction was completed with an alkaline catalyst. Potassium hydroxide; sodium hydroxide; potassium methoxide and sodium methoxide were used as catalyst and methanol was used as alcohol for transesterification reactions. The effects of catalyst type; reaction temperature and reaction time on the fuel properties of methyl esters were investigated. In terms of high ester yield; the measured fuel properties of the chicken fat methyl ester met EN 14214 and ASTM D6751 biodiesel specifications.


Biodiesel; Low cost feedstock; Chicken fat; Transesterification


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