Potential for the Production of Biogas in Alcohol and Sugar Cane Plants for Use in Urban Buses in the Brazil

Samuel N. M. de Souza
State University of the West Paraná (UNIOESTE), Department of Agricultural Engineering, Cascavel, Brazil

Reginaldo F. Santos
State University of the West Paraná (UNIOESTE), Department of Agricultural Engineering, Cascavel, Brazil

Guilherme P. M. Fracaro
State University of the West Paraná (UNIOESTE), Department of Agricultural Engineering, Cascavel, Brazil

Ladda ner artikelhttp://dx.doi.org/10.3384/ecp11057418

Ingår i: World Renewable Energy Congress - Sweden; 8-13 May; 2011; Linköping; Sweden

Linköping Electronic Conference Proceedings 57:56, s. 418-424

Visa mer +

Publicerad: 2011-11-03

ISBN: 978-91-7393-070-3

ISSN: 1650-3686 (tryckt), 1650-3740 (online)


Brazil is one of the major alcohol and sugar producers in the world. The plants of alcohol and sugar cane have as waste the vinasse; which is used as organic fertilizer in the cane plantations and it cause contamination of the soil and water. The anaerobic digestion treatment can be used to reduce the pollution with vinasse; and at the same time increase the production of biogas. In this study; is proposed to find the potential of biogas production from anaerobic digestion of vinasse in Brazil and the availability of its use in urban buses as gas fuel. Biogas can be important to reduce the dependence of diesel; a non renewable fuel; in Brazil. Theoretical data of vinasse and biogas production; 14;6 m3 of biogas per 1 m3 of vinasse; were used to estimate the biogas potential. Using an estimated consumption of biogas in buses; 295;5 m3 per bus with 400 km of autonomy per day; the total of buses supplied with biogas was estimated. The potential of biogas production estimated in Brazil by vinasse (2008/2009) is 4016892452 m3.crop-1 or approximately 20 million per day; which could replace 64;7% of the urban buses fleet in Brazil. A big plant of alcohol production has autonomy to supply 1018 buses per day. It has been assumed in this study the plant will produce biogas only during 200 days per year; in the others 165 days the buses could running with compressed natural gas (CNG) or the digesters can be fed on of bagasse’s sugar cane as wet feedstock.


Bioenergy; fuel; vinasse; waste


[1] UNICA (União da Indústria de cana-de-açúcar). Produção do centro-sul de cana-de-açúcar das safras 2001/02 a 2008/09; 2010. Disponível em: http://www.portalunica.com.br>Acesso em:18 novembro 2010.

[2] H. Harada; S. Uemura; A. C. Chen; J. Jayadevan; Anaerobic treatment of a recalcitrant distillery wastewater by a thermophilic UASB reactor; Bioresource Technology 55; 1996; pp. 215- 221. doi: 10.1016/0960-8524(96)00003-X.

[3] K. R. Salomon; E. E. S. Lora; Estimate of the electric energy generating potential for different sources of biogas in Brazil; Biomass and Bioenergy 33; 2009; pp. 1101-1107. doi: 10.1016/j.biombioe.2009.03.001.

[4] K. R. Salomon; E. E. S. Lora; Monroy; E. F. C.; Custo do biogás proveniente da biodigestão da vinhaça e sua utilização; Proceedings of the 8º Congresso Ibero Americano de Engenharia Mecânica; Cusco/Peru; 2007.

[5] L. A. B. Cortez; W. J. Freire; F. Rosillo-Calle; Biodigestion of vinasse in Brazil; International Sugar Journal; 100; 1998; pp 403-413.

[6] C. P. Pinto; Tecnologia da digestão anaeróbia da vinhaça e desenvolvimento sustentável; dissertação de mestrado; UNICAMP; Campinas; Brasil; 1999.

[7] J. D. Murphy; N. M. Power; An argument for using biomethane generated from grass as a biofuel in Ireland; Biomass and Bioenergy 33; 2009; pp. 504-512. doi: 10.1016/j.biombioe.2008.08.018.

[8] N. M. Power; J. D. Murphy; Wich is the preferable transport fuel on a greenhouse gas basis; biomethane or ethanol?; Biomass and Bioenergy 33; 2009; pp. 1403-1412. doi: 10.1016/j.biombioe.2009.06.004.

[9] R. Fearghal; B. Caulfield; Examining the benefits of using bio-CNG in urban bus operation; Transportation Research Part D 15; 2010; pp. 362-365. doi: 10.1016/j.trd.2010.04.002.

[10] N. Kuwahara; M. D. Berni; S. V. Bajay; Energy supply from municipal wastes: the potential of biogas – fuelled buses in Brazil; Renewable Energy 16; 1999; pp. 100-1003

[11] D. Lobkov; Análise econômica para substituição do uso de combustível diesel por GNC no transporte público de passageiros; dissertação de mestrado; UNICAMP; Campinas; Brasil; 2005.

[12] CNT (Confederação Nacional do Transporte); Boletin estatístico; 2009; disponível em http://www. cnt.org.br; acesso em 20 de novembro 2010.

[13] ANTT (Agência Nacional de Transportes Terrestres); Anuário estatístico dos transportes terrestres – AETT; 2008; disponível em http://www.transportes.gov.br; acesso em 22 de novembro 2010.

[14] IPCC Guidelines for national Greenhouse Gás Inventaries; 2006; Energy; v.2; Chapter 3: Mobile Combustion; revised of June 2010.

[15] C. Tricase; M. Lombardi; State of the art and prospects of Italian biogas production from animal sewage: Technical-economic considerations; Renewable Energy 34; 2009; pp. 477-485. doi: 10.1016/j.renene.2008.06.013.

Citeringar i Crossref