The Effect of Distinct Operational Conditions on Organic Material Removal and Biogas Production in the Anaerobic Treatment of Cattle Manure

Neslihan Manav Demir
Yildiz Technical University, Environmental Engineering Department, Istanbul, Turkey

Tamer Coşkun
Yildiz Technical University, Environmental Engineering Department, Istanbul, Turkey

Eyüp Debik
Yildiz Technical University, Environmental Engineering Department, Istanbul, Turkey

Ladda ner artikelhttp://dx.doi.org/10.3384/ecp1105756

Ingår i: World Renewable Energy Congress - Sweden; 8-13 May; 2011; Linköping; Sweden

Linköping Electronic Conference Proceedings 57:8, s. 56-63

Visa mer +

Publicerad: 2011-11-03

ISBN: 978-91-7393-070-3

ISSN: 1650-3686 (tryckt), 1650-3740 (online)


Although very difficult to treat due to their complicated composition; the increasing amounts of cattle manure generation makes their purification a compulsory task for environmental engineers to prevent their adverse environmental impacts. Historically; these wastes have been used as a fuel or a soil fertilizer. The generation of cattle manure even in increasing amounts in Turkey; however; makes this kind of use unfeasible. Therefore; new methods to dispose of these wastes are required. This study focuses on the anaerobic digestion process for the treatment of cattle manure. In the study; two lab-scale anaerobic reactors were employed to investigate the effects of different operating temperatures (35 ºC and 55 ºC); of different total suspended solids concentrations (%5 and 10%); of different hydraulic retention times (20 days and 40 days); and of the addition of corn silage on the treatment performance. The performance of the reactor was evaluated with respect to total solids (TS); volatile solids (VS) and biogas production. The results of the study suggested that the thermophilic reactor showed a good treatment performance (59% VS removal and 0.29 L methane per VS added) when the cattle manure of 10% solids content together with corn silage were fed. Besides; it was concluded that the addition of corn silage to the reactors improved the treatment efficiencies and that the addition of irrigational organic materials increases biogas production rate. The results of the study point out that anaerobic digestion process is a viable option for cattle manure stabilization and valuable gas production.


Anaerobic Digestion; Cattle Manure; Biogas; Methane


[1] TUIK(http://tarimsalbilgi.bloggum.com/yazi/tuikden-hayvansal-urunler-tablosu.html)

[2] R.E. Speece; Anaerobik Biotechnology for Industrial Wastewater; Vanderbilt University; 1995; Tennessee.

[3] T. Coskun; N. Manav; E. Debik; M.S. Binici; C. Tosun; E. Mehmetli; A. Baban; Anaerobic digestion of cattle manure”; Sigma Journal of Engineering and Natural Sciences; article in press; in Turkish.

[4] A. Keshtkar; H. Ghaforian; G. Abolhamd and B. Meyssami; Dynamic Simulation of Cyclic Batch Anaerobic Digestion of Cattle Manure; Bioresource Technology 80; 2001; pp. 9-17. doi: 10.1016/S0960-8524(01)00071-2.

[5] Turkish legislation on production; import; export; supply; and audit of irrigational supplies with organic; organomineral; microbial and enzyme content. Official Print No. 25452 on May 4; 2004; Article 6.

[6] E. Sanchez; R. Borja; P. Weiland; L. Travieso and A. Martin; Effect of temperature and pH on the kinetics of methane production; organic nitrogen and phosphorus removal in the batch anaerobic digestion process of cattle manure; Bioprocess Eng. 22; 2006; pp. 247–252. doi: 10.1007/s004490050727.

[7] G. Demirer and S. Chen; Anaerobic Digestion of Dairy Manure in a Hybrid Reactor With Biogas Recirculation; World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 21; 2005; pp. 1509-1514. doi: 10.1007/s11274-005-7371-6.

[8] G. Demirer and S. Chen; Effect of Retention Time and Organic Loading Rate on Anaerobic Acidification and Biogasification of Dairy Manure; Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology 79 (12); 2004; pp. 1381-1387. doi: 10.1002/jctb.1138.

[9] A. Sung and H. Santha; Performance of temperature-phased anaerobic digestion (TPAD) system treating dairy cattle wastes; Water Res. 37; 2003; 1628–1636. doi: 10.1016/S0043-1354(02)00498-0.

[10] B.K. Ahring; A.A. Ibrahim and Z. Mladenovska; Effect of temperature increase from 55 to 65°C on performance and microbial population dynamics of an anaerobic reactor treating cattle manure; Wat. Res. 35 (10); 2001; pp. 2446- 2452. doi: 10.1016/S0043-1354(00)00526-1.

[11] S. Sung and H. Santha; Performance of Temperature-Phased Anaerobic Digestion (TPAD) System Treating Dairy Cattle Wastes; Tamkang Journal of Science and Engineering 4 (4); 2001; 301-310.

[12] P.N. Dugba and R. Zhang; Treatment of Dairy Wastewater with Two-Stage Anaerobic Sequencing Batch Reactor Systems - Thermophilic Versus Mesophilic Operations; Bioresource Tehnology 68 (3); 1999; pp. 225-233. doi: 10.1016/S0960-8524(98)00156-4.

[13] A. Singh; G. Giridhar; M. Madan and P. Vasudevan; Anaerobic digestion: an appropriate process for integrated utilization of biomass from non-conventional sources; Proc Fifth Int Symp on Anaerobic Digestion; 1988; pp. 943–946.

[14] S.J. Hall; D.L. Hawkes; F.R. Hawkes and A. Thomas; Mesophilic anaerobic digestion of high solids cattle waste in a packed bed digester; J Agr Eng Res 32; 1985; pp.153–162. doi: 10.1016/0021-8634(85)90075-7.

[15] D.J. Hills; Methane gas production from dairy manure at high solids concentrations; T. ASAE 23; 1980; pp. 122–126. doi: 10.13031/2013.34537.

Citeringar i Crossref