Policies and Institutions for Grid-Connected Renewable Energy: “Best Practice” vs. the Case of China

Clara García
Complutense University, Madrid, Spain

Ladda ner artikelhttp://dx.doi.org/10.3384/ecp110572546

Ingår i: World Renewable Energy Congress - Sweden; 8-13 May; 2011; Linköping; Sweden

Linköping Electronic Conference Proceedings 57:35, s. 2546-2553

Visa mer +

Publicerad: 2011-11-03

ISBN: 978-91-7393-070-3

ISSN: 1650-3686 (tryckt), 1650-3740 (online)


A consensus seems to have emerged around what constitutes “best practice” in policymaking and institution-building for the deployment of grid-connected renewable energy (GCRE). However; this consensus; found scattered throughout reports and policy papers; or in the discourse of policymakers and businesspeople; has yet to be systematized. And still; an implicit “best practice” model does seem to exist; against which national cases are frequently assessed; being portrayed as “good” or “bad” for the deployment of renewables in view of; respectively; convergences and divergences from the model. In this paper; we attempt to systematize what are frequently considered the best policies and institutions for renewable electricity. We also seek to portray the prevailing model as a sector-specific description of the policies and institutions present in liberal market economies. Subsequently; we explore the case of China; arguably not a liberal market economy; where policies and institutions coincide with “best practice” only partially and imperfectly; even following enactment of the nation’s Renewable Energy Law (REL) in 2006.


Renewable energy; Best practice; Policies; Institutions; China


[1] P. Hall and D. Soskice; An Introduction to Varieties of Capitalism; in P. Hall and D. Soskice; Varieties of Capitalism; Oxford University Press; 2001.

[2] IEA; Global Best Practice in Renewable Energy Policy Making Expert Meeting; Workshop Proceedings; IEA; 2007.

[3] IEA; Deploying Renewables. Principles for Effective Policies; IEA; 2008.

[4] GWEC; Wind Force 12. A Blueprint to Achieve 12% of the World’s Electricity from Wind Power by 2020; Report; GWEC and Greenpeace; 2005.

[5] IREC; Policy Recommendations for Renewable Energies; document produced at the International Renewable Energy Conference; 2004.

[6] World Bank; REToolkit: A Resource for Renewable Energy Development; Issues Note of the REToolkit; World Bank; 2008.

[7] WEC; Renewable Energy Projects Handbook; WEC; 2004.

[8] J.A. Cherni and J. Kentish; Renewable Energy Policy and Electricity Market Reforms in China; Energy Policy; 35; 2007; 3616-3629. doi: 10.1016/j.enpol.2006.12.024.

[9] A. Lema and K. Ruby; Between Fragmented Authoritarianism and Policy Coordination: Creating Chinese Market for Wind Energy; Energy Policy; 35; 2007; 3879-3890. doi: 10.1016/j.enpol.2007.01.025.

[10] J. Li; J. Shi; H. Xie; Y. Song and P. Shi; A Study on the Pricing Policy of Wind Power in China; Chinese Renewable Energy Industries Association and GWEC; 2006.

[11] REN21; Background Paper: Chinese Renewables Status Report; Background Paper; Renewable Energy Policy Network for the 21st Century; 2009.

[12] RELaw Assist; Renewable Energy Law in China. Issues Paper; Australia-China Bilateral Partnership on Climate Change and REEEP; 2007.

[13] C. Ma and L. He; From State Monopoly to Renewable Portfolio: Restructuring China’s Electric Utility; Energy Policy; 36; 2008; 1697-1711. doi: 10.1016/j.enpol.2008.01.012.

Citeringar i Crossref