The Emerging Bio-Economy in Europe: Exploring the Key Governance Challenges

K. McCormick
International Institute for Industrial Environmental Economics (IIIEE) at Lund University, Lund, Sweden

Ladda ner artikelhttp://dx.doi.org/10.3384/ecp110572316

Ingår i: World Renewable Energy Congress - Sweden; 8-13 May; 2011; Linköping; Sweden

Linköping Electronic Conference Proceedings 57:5, s. 2316-2322

Visa mer +

Publicerad: 2011-11-03

ISBN: 978-91-7393-070-3

ISSN: 1650-3686 (tryckt), 1650-3740 (online)


The purpose of this paper is to identify; analyse and discuss the key governance challenges for the emerging Knowledge-Based Bio-Economy (KBBE) in Europe focusing on bioenergy; particularly biofuels for transport and the biorefinery concept. This paper is based on a literature review; discussions with European researchers and practitioners; and questionnaires of bioenergy industry associations. The growing bio-economy and bioenergy in Europe face a host of socio-technical issues that comprise a mix of technological; economic; social; political; environmental; regulatory and cultural aspects. More specifically; this research work highlights three key governance challenges of increasing relevance for the bio-economy; including: the important role of public-private networks; city-regions as drivers for the KBBE; especially through climate governance; and consumer-citizens and NGOs as key players in the development of the bio-economy.


Bio-economy; Bioenergy; Governance; Socio-technical; Sustainability


[1] European Commission; En Route to the Knowledge-Based Bio-Economy; 2007. URL: http://ec.europa.eu/

[2] European Commission; The Knowledge-Based Bio-Economy: Achievements and Challenges; 2010. URL: http://ec.europa.eu/

[3] M. Geoghegan-Quinn; The Bio-economy for a Better Life; 2010. URL: http://europa.eu/

[4] A. Duit; V. Galaz; Governance and Complexity: Emerging Issues for Governance Theory; Governance; 2008; 21(3): 311-335. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-0491.2008.00402.x.

[5] International Energy Agency (IEA) Bioenergy; An International Collaboration in Bioenergy; 2010. URL: http://www.ieabioenergy.com/

[6] Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD); The Bio-economy to 2030: Designing a Policy Agenda; 2009. URL: http://www.oecd.org/

[7] European Commission; Plants for the Future; 2004. URL: http://ec.europa.eu/

[8] R. Smolker; The New Bio-economy and the Future of Agriculture; Development; 2009; 51(4): 519-526. doi: 10.1057/dev.2008.67.

[9] Swedish Bioenergy Association (SVEBIO); The Beauty of Carbon Tax; 2010. URL: http://www.svebio.se/

[10] Swedish Energy Agency (STEM); Energy in Sweden; 2009. URL: http://www.energimyndigheten.se/

[11] H. Langeveld; J. Sanders; M; Meeusen; The Bio-based Economy: Biofuels; Materials and Chemicals in the Post-oil Era; 2010. London: Earthscan.

[12] M. Benner; H. Löfgren; The Bio-economy and the Competition State: Transcending the Dichotomy between Coordinated and Liberal Market Economies; New Political Science; 2007; 29(1): 77-95. doi: 10.1080/07393140601170842.

[13] European Association for Bio-industries (EuropaBio); Building a Bio-based Economy for Europe; 2010. URL: http://www.europabio.org/

[14] A. Silvestrini; S. Monni; M. Pregernig; A. Barbato; J. Dallermand; E. Croci; F. Raes; The Role of Cities in Achieving the EU Targets on Biofuels for Transportation: The Cases of Berlin; London; Milan and Helsinki; Transportation Research; 2010; 44: 403-417.

[15] J. Gupta; K. Van der Leeuw; H. de Moel; Climate Change: A ‘Glocal’ Problem Requiring ‘Glocal’ Action; Environmental Sciences; 2007; 4(3): 138-148. doi: 10.1080/15693430701742677.

[16] K. McCormick; Communicating Bioenergy: A Growing Challenge; Biofuels; Bioproducts and Biorefining; 2010; 4:494-502. doi: 10.1002/bbb.243.

Citeringar i Crossref