Evaluation of the Solar Hybrid System for Rural Schools in Sabah; Malaysia

Abdul Muhaimin Mahmud
Public Works Department of Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Ladda ner artikelhttp://dx.doi.org/10.3384/ecp110572977

Ingår i: World Renewable Energy Congress - Sweden; 8-13 May; 2011; Linköping; Sweden

Linköping Electronic Conference Proceedings 57:38, s. 2977-2984

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Publicerad: 2011-11-03

ISBN: 978-91-7393-070-3

ISSN: 1650-3686 (tryckt), 1650-3740 (online)


The impact of the implementation of solar hybrid system which was installed at Penontomon Primary School in Sabah; Malaysia has been analyzed in this paper. The project was initiated by the Malaysia’s Ministry of Education with the target to electrify rural schools that do not have grid connected electricity in Sabah with alternative power supply; ie; the renewable energy. The paper looked into the users’ experiences; technical and the economical aspects of the system and found that alternative resources from renewable energy offers better electricity in providing power supply to the rural schools than the old and conventional diesel generator system. The technology gives benefit and impact to the pupils and teachers by creating more comfortable lifestyle and conducive learning environment.


Solar hybrid; Rural schools; SCADA; Battery; Inverter


[1] National Green Energy Technology Policy; (2009); Ministry of Energy; Green Technology and Water; Malaysia.

[2] United Nation Development Programme – Malaysia; MDG7 – Achieve Universal Primary Education; http://www.undp.org.my/

[3] Luque; L.; Hegedus; S.; (2003); Handbook of Photovoltaic Science and Engineering; Wiley. doi: 10.1002/0470014008.

[4] National Renewable Energy Laboratory; HOMER – The Micropower Optimization Model; http://www.nrel.gov/homer

[5] Wikipedia; Solar Saving Fraction; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solar_fraction

[6] Public Works Department of Malaysia; (2008); Cadangan Merekabentuk; Membina; Membekal; Menyiapkan dan Menyelenggara Sistem Solar Hibrid Bagi Sekolah Luar Bandar Negeri Sabah Pakej 1(Design; Build; Supply; Commission and Maintain of the Solar Hybrid System for Rural Schools in Sabah Package 1); Contract Document.

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