Analysis of Dust Losses in Photovoltaic Modules

J. Zorrilla-Casanova
Dpto. De Física Aplicada II, Universidad de Málaga, Málaga, Spain

M. Philiougine
Dpto. de Física Aplicada II, Universidad de Málaga, Málaga, Spain

J. Carretero
Dpto. de Física Aplicada II, Universidad de Málaga, Málaga, Spain

P. Bernaola
Dpto. de Física Aplicada II, Universidad de Málaga, Málaga, Spain

P. Carpena
Dpto. de Física Aplicada II, Universidad de Málaga, Málaga, Spain

L. Mora-López
Dpto. de Lenguajes y Ciencias de la Computación, Universidad of Málaga, Málaga, Spain

M. Sidrach-de-Cardona
Dpto. de Física Aplicada II, Universidad de Málaga, Málaga, Spain

Ladda ner artikelhttp://dx.doi.org/10.3384/ecp110572985

Ingår i: World Renewable Energy Congress - Sweden; 8-13 May; 2011; Linköping; Sweden

Linköping Electronic Conference Proceedings 57:39, s. 2985-2992

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Publicerad: 2011-11-03

ISBN: 978-91-7393-070-3

ISSN: 1650-3686 (tryckt), 1650-3740 (online)


The accumulation of dust on the surface of a photovoltaic module decreases the radiation reaching the solar cell and produces losses in the generated power. Dust not only reduces the radiation on the solar cell; but also changes the dependence on the angle of incidence of such radiation. This work presents the results of a study carried out at the University of Malaga to quantify losses caused by the accumulation of dust on the surface of photovoltaic modules. Our results show that the mean of the daily energy loss along a year caused by dust deposited on the surface of the PV module is around 4.4%. In long periods without rain; daily energy losses can be higher than 20%. In addition; the irradiance losses are not constant throughout the day and are strongly dependent on the sunlight incident angle and the ratio between diffuse and direct radiations. When studied as a function of solar time; the irradiance losses are symmetric with respect noon; where they reach the minimum value. We also propose a simple theoretical model that; taking into account the percentage of dirty surface and the diffuse/direct radiation ratio; accounts for the qualitative behavior of the irradiance losses during the day.


Optical losses; dust effects; energy losses


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