Energy Neutral Districts? Key to Transition towards Energy Neutral Built Environment!

Eric M. M. Willems
Cauberg-Huygen Consulting Engineers BV s-Hertogenbosch, The Netherlands

Bronia Jablonska
ECN Petten, The Netherlands

Gerrit Jan Ruig
ECN Petten, The Netherlands

Tom Krikke
Technical University Eindhoven, The Netherlands

Ladda ner artikelhttp://dx.doi.org/10.3384/ecp110573428

Ingår i: World Renewable Energy Congress - Sweden; 8-13 May; 2011; Linköping; Sweden

Linköping Electronic Conference Proceedings 57:55, s. 3428-3435

Visa mer +

Publicerad: 2011-11-03

ISBN: 978-91-7393-070-3

ISSN: 1650-3686 (tryckt), 1650-3740 (online)


The Dutch project ‘Transition in Energy and Process for a Sustainable District Development’ focuses on the transition to sustainable; energy neutral districts in 2050; particularly in energy concepts and decision processes. The research results in six innovative energy concepts for 2050.

Firstly; fourteen variations of six general energy concepts have been developed and calculations conducted on the energy neutrality by means of an Excel model designed for this purpose.

Three concepts are based on the idea of an energy hub (smart district heating; cooling and electricity networks; in which generation; storage; conversion and exchange of energy are all incorporated). Calculations show the energy neutrality ranges from 130 % to 164% excluding transport of persons within the district.

In this approach; different districts have different sustainable energy potentials that have their peak supply at different times. The smart approach therefore is not an autarkic district; but an exchange of surplus sustainable energy with neighbouring districts and import of the same amount of energy in case of a shortage.


Energy neutrality; District; Energy concept; Energy hub; All-electric


[1] Energy neutral houses in Groningen and Amersfoort; The Netherlands; www.nulwoning.nl (2010).

[2] E.M.M. Willems; Energieneutrale kantoren? Kijk eens om je heen! (Energy neutral offices? Look around you! TVVL-magazine The Netherlands (2010).

[3] F.G.H. Koene; Knoll B.; Renovation concepts for saving 75% on total domestic energy consumption; Eurosun Conference; Lisbon; Portugal (2008).

[4] H. Visser; Koene; F.G.H.; Paauw; J.; Opstelten; I.J.; Ruijg; G.J.; Smidt; R.P. de; Sustainable energy concepts for residential buildings; Packages of current and future techniques for an energy neutral built environment in 2050; ECN-E--09-021. (“Building Future Potential study 2050”); ECN Petten; The Netherlands (2009).

[5] A. Dohmen; Mullenders F.; Auto’s rijden gemiddeld 42 kilometer per dag; (Cars do drive an avarage of 42 km a day) Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek; Voorburg/Heerlen; CBS Webmagazine; www.cbs.nl (2006).

[6] PEGO Stevige ambities; klare taal (Strong ambitions; clear language). Platform Energy Neutral built Environment (2009).

[7] E.M.M. Willems; Presentation Annex 51 3rd meeting Tokyo; www.annex51.org (2010).

[8] P. Heiselberg; Annex 44 Expert Guide Part 1. Responsive Building Concepts; Aalborg University Denmark (2009).

[9] B. Jablonska Ruijg; G.J.; Opstelten; I.; Willems; E.M.M.; Epema; E; Transition to Sustainable Energy Neutral Districts before 2050: Innovative Concepts and Pilots for the Built Environment 7th Biennial International Workshop; Barcelona (2010).

Citeringar i Crossref