Dynamics of Energy Consumption Patterns in Turkey: Its Drivers and Consequences

Gülden Bölük
Akdeniz Univesity, Department of Economics, Antalya, Turkey

A. Ali Koc
Akdeniz Univesity, Department of Economics, Antalya, Turkey

Ladda ner artikelhttp://dx.doi.org/10.3384/ecp110573476

Ingår i: World Renewable Energy Congress - Sweden; 8-13 May; 2011; Linköping; Sweden

Linköping Electronic Conference Proceedings 57:61, s. 3476-3483

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Publicerad: 2011-11-03

ISBN: 978-91-7393-070-3

ISSN: 1650-3686 (tryckt), 1650-3740 (online)


Turkey has a characteristics with very young population; high annual population growth rate; rapid urbanization and relatively high economic growth rate. Turkey’s population has reached about 73 million in 2010 The country has faced with growing demand for energy during last two decades and primary energy demand is projected to reach 220 mtoe in 2020 which means 150 percent increase from current level. But primary energy supply met about 28 percent of energy demand in 2009. Increasing import dependency highlights the energy security problem for the country and also poses important burden on economy such as foreign current deficit. Total energy import increased nearly six folds for last 15 years with 12 percent annual average growth rate. The share of energy in total import has exceeded 20 percent in recent years. Increasing GHG emissions is another issue which has substantially increased during last two decade; particularly emitted from energy production. Therefore; energy dependency and GHG emission issues entails investment in renewable energy sources such as wind; biomass; hydro and solar to both reducing energy dependency and emission. In addition; ensuring greater energy efficiency will contribute energy security since current level of efficiency is rather low.


Turkey’s energy consumption dynamics; drivers of energy demand; impacts of energy policies


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