Impact of Ambient Turbulence on Performance of a Small Wind Turbine

William D. Lubitz
University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada

Ladda ner artikelhttp://dx.doi.org/10.3384/ecp110574121

Ingår i: World Renewable Energy Congress - Sweden; 8-13 May; 2011; Linköping; Sweden

Linköping Electronic Conference Proceedings 57:10, s. 4121-4127

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Publicerad: 2011-11-03

ISBN: 978-91-7393-070-3

ISSN: 1650-3686 (tryckt), 1650-3740 (online)


High resolution measurements of wind speed and energy generation from an instrumented Bergey XL.1 small wind turbine were used to investigate the effect of ambient turbulence levels on wind turbine energy production. It was found that ambient turbulent intensity impacts energy production; but that the impact is different at different wind speeds. At low wind speeds; increased turbulence appeared to increase energy production from the turbine. However; at wind speeds near the turbine furling speed; elevated turbulence resulted in decreased energy production; likely to turbulent gusts initiating furling events. Investigation of measurements recorded at 1 Hz showed a time lag of one to two seconds between a change in wind speed and the resulting change in energy production. Transient changes in wind speed of only one second duration did not impact energy production; however; longer duration changes in wind speed were tracked reasonably well by energy production.


Small Wind Turbine; Turbulence; Gusts; Wind Energy


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