Learning a Wind Farm Power Curve with a Data-Driven Approach

Antonino Marvuglia
CRP Henri Tudor/CRTE, Luxembourg

Antonio Messineo
Faculty of Engineering & Architecture, Kore University of Enna, Italy

Ladda ner artikelhttp://dx.doi.org/10.3384/ecp110574217

Ingår i: World Renewable Energy Congress - Sweden; 8-13 May; 2011; Linköping; Sweden

Linköping Electronic Conference Proceedings 57:22, s. 4217-4224

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Publicerad: 2011-11-03

ISBN: 978-91-7393-070-3

ISSN: 1650-3686 (tryckt), 1650-3740 (online)


Improving the performance of prediction algorithms is one of the priorities in the wind energy research agenda of the scientific community. In a very simplistic approach; short-term predictions of wind power production at a given site could be generated by passing forecasts of meteorological variables (namely wind speed) through the so-called wind farm power curve; which links the wind speed to the power that is produced by the whole wind farm. However; the estimation of this conversion function is indeed a challenging task; because it is nonlinear and bounded; in addition to being non-stationary due for example to changes in the site environment and seasonality. Even for a single wind turbine the measured power at different wind speeds is generally different to the rated power; since the operating conditions on site are generally different to the conditions under which the turbine was calibrated (the wind speed on site is not uniform horizontally across the face of the turbine; the vertical wind profile and the air density are different than during the calibration; the wind data available on site are not always measured at the height of the turbine’s hub).

The recent developments in data mining and evolutionary computation (EC) offer promising approaches to modelling the power curves of turbines. In this paper we use a self-supervised neural network called GMR (Generalized Mapping Regressor) to learn the relationship between the wind speed and the generated power in a whole wind farm. GMR is an incremental self-supervised neural network which can approximate every multidimensional function or relation presenting any kind of discontinuity. The approach used is a data driven one; in the sense that the relationship is learned directly from the data; without using any explicit physical or mathematical relationship between input and output space. The model is potentially applicable to any site; provided that a statistically consistent amount of wind and power data is available. The methodology allows the creation of a non-parametric model of the power curve that can be used as a reference profile for on-line monitoring of the power generation process; as well as for power forecasts.

The results obtained with the proposed approach are compared with another state-of-the-art data mining algorithm (namely; a feedforward Multi Layer Perceptron) showing that the algorithm provides fair performances if a suitable pre-processing of the input data is accomplished.


Wind farm; Power curve; Data-driven; Neural network; Machine learning


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