Influence of Biofuels Production on the Climate Change

Carlos A. Cardona
Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Manizales, Colombia

Monica J. Valencia
Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Manizales, Colombia

Julian A. Quintero
Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Manizales, Colombia

Ladda ner artikelhttp://dx.doi.org/10.3384/ecp11057636

Ingår i: World Renewable Energy Congress - Sweden; 8-13 May; 2011; Linköping; Sweden

Linköping Electronic Conference Proceedings 57:9, s. 636-643

Visa mer +

Publicerad: 2011-11-03

ISBN: 978-91-7393-070-3

ISSN: 1650-3686 (tryckt), 1650-3740 (online)


This work technically analyzes the biodiesel production from palm; bioethanol production from sugar cane and biotechnological hydrogen productions as well as the GHG emissions associated with the feedstocks production and processing. For this purpose modeling and simulation was used in combination with ASPEN PLUS software and Ecoinvent database for GHG calculations derived from material and energy balances obtained by process simulation. Different critical stages were simulated and analyzed: fertilizers production and use; biofuel production and pesticide production. Results indicated the importance of considering different stages and how these inclusions or exclusions affect GHG balances. For instance; fossil fuel used for industrial stage in bioethanol production increase GHG emissions eighteen-fold. According to this work; bioethanol from sugar cane was the system with largest emissions while biodiesel from palm oil had lowest emissions.


Green House Gas emissions; Climate change; Biodiesel; Bioethanol; Biohydrogen


[1] A. Demirbas; Political; economic and environmental impacts of biofuel: A Review; Applied Energy 86; 2009; pp. S108-117. doi: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2009.04.036.

[2] D. Larson; A review of life-cycle analysis studies on liquid biofuel systems for the transport sector; Energy Sustainable Development; X; 2006; pp. 109-126. doi: 10.1016/S0973-0826(08)60536-0.

[3] S.C Davis; K.J. Andenson-Texeira; E.H. De Lucia; Life cycle analysis and the ecology of biofuel; Trends in Plant Science 14; 2009; pp. 140-146. doi: 10.1016/j.tplants.2008.12.006.

[4] R. Hoefnagels; E. Smeets; A Faaij; Greenhouse gas footprints of different biofuel production systems; Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 14; 2010; pp. 1661-1694. doi: 10.1016/j.rser.2010.02.014.

[5] F. Cherubini; N.D Bird; A Crowie; G. Jungmeier; B Schlamandinger; S. Woess-Gallasch; Energy and Greenhouse gas-based LCA of biofuel and bioenergy systems: Key issues; ranges and recommendations; Resources; Conservation and Recycling 53; 2009; pp. 197-208. doi: 10.1016/j.resconrec.2009.03.013.

[6] A. Zidanšek; R. Blinc; A Jeglic; S Kabashi; S. Bekteshi; I. Šlaus; Climate change; biofuel and sustainable future; International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 34; 2009; pp. 6980-6983. doi: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2008.11.004.

[7] E.A. Kaditi; Bioenergy policies in a global context; Journal of Clean Production 17; 2009; pp. 4-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2008.08.023.

[8] P. Borjeson; L.M Tufvesson; Agricultural crop-based biofuel – resource efficiency and environmental performance including direct land use change; Journal of Clean Production; 2010; submitted for publication.

[9] A. Demirbas; Biofuels sources; biofuel policy; biofuel economy and global projections; Energy Conversion and Management 49; 2008; pp. 2106-2116. doi: 10.1016/j.enconman.2008.02.020.

[10] M.I. Montoya; J.A Quintero; O.J Sánchez; C.A. Cardona; Evaluación del impacto ambiental del proceso de obtención de alcohol carburante utilizando el algoritmo de reducción de residuos; Revista Facultad de Ingeniería de la Universidad de Antioquia 36; 2006; pp. 85-95.

[11] H.V. Blottnitz; M.A. Curran; A review of assessment conducted on bioethanol as a transportation fuel from a net energy; greenhouse gas; and environmental life cycle perspective; Journal of Clean Production 15; 2007; pp. 607-619. doi: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2006.03.002.

[12] S Kim; B.E Dale; Life cycle assessment of various cropping systems utilized for production biofuels: Bioethanol and biodiesel; Biomass and Bioenergy 29; 2005; pp. 426-439. doi: 10.1016/j.biombioe.2005.06.004.

[13] R. Kothari; D. Buddhi; R.L. Sawhnet; Comparison of environmental and economic aspects of various hydrogen production methods; Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 12; 2008; pp. 2008. doi: 10.1016/j.rser.2006.07.012.

[14] X. Deng; H. Wang; H. Huang; M. Ouyang; Hydrogen flow chart in China; International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 35; 2010; pp. 6475-6481. doi: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2010.03.051.

[15] M. Balat; M. Balat; Political; economic and environmental impacts of biomass-based hydrogen; International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 34; 2009; pp. 3589-3606. doi: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2009.02.067.

[16] S.M Kotay; D. Das; Biohydrogen as a renewable energy source – Prospects and potentials; International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 33; 2008; pp. 258-263. doi: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2007.07.031.

[17] C.J. Winter; Hydrogen energy – Abundant; efficient; clean: A debate over the energy-system-of-change; International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 34; 2009; pp. S1-S52. doi: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2009.05.063.

[18] D. Das; T.N. Veziroglu; Advances in biological hydrogen production process; International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 33; 2008; pp. 6046-6057. doi: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2008.07.098.

[19] L.B. Bentner; J. Peccia; J.B. Zimmerman; Challenges in developing biohydrogen as a sustainable energy source: Implications for a research agenda; Environmental Science & Technology 44; 2010; pp. 2243-2254. doi: 10.1021/es9030613.

[20] M. Granovskii; I. Dincer; M.A. Rosen; Environmental and economic aspects of hydrogen production and utilization in fuel cell vehicles; Journal of Power Sources 157; 2006; pp. 411-421. doi: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2005.07.044.

[21] D.B. Levin; R. Chahine. Challenges for renewable hydrogen production from biomass. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 35; 2010; pp. 2243-2254. doi: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2009.08.067.

[22] M. Ball. M. Wietschel; The future of hydrogen – Opportunities and challenges; International journal of Hydrogen Energy 34; 2009; 615-627. doi: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2008.11.014.

[23] S.P. de Souza; S. Pacca; M.T. de Ávila; J.L.B. Borges; Greenhouse gas emissions and energy balance of palm oil biofuel. Renewable Energy 35; 2010; pp. 2552-2561. doi: 10.1016/j.renene.2010.03.028.

[24] Ecoinvent; 2006; Swiss Center for Life Cycle Interventories. Switzerland.

[25] Misterio de Minas y energía; Cálculo del factor de emisión de CO2 del sistema eléctrico interconectado colombiano. 2008.

[26] W.H. Chen; S.Y. Chen; S.K. Khanal; S. Sung; Kinetic study of biological hydrogen production by anaerobic fermentation; International Journal of Hydrogen Production 31; 2006; pp. 2170-2178. doi: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2006.02.020.

[27] I.C. Macedo; M.R. Lima; J.E. Ramos; Assessment of greenhouse gas emissions in the production and use of fuel ethanol in Brazil; Government of the State of São Paulo; Brazil; 2004.

[28] E. Smeets; M. Junginger; A. Faaij; A. Walter; P. Dolzan; W; Turkenburg.; The sustainability of Brazilian ethanol – An assessment of the possibilities of certified production; Biomass and Bioenergy 32; 2008; pp. 781-813. doi: 10.1016/j.biombioe.2008.01.005.

[29] K.F. Yee; K.T. Tan; A.Z. Abhullah; K.T. Lee; Life cycle assessment of palm biodiesel: Revealing facts and benefits for sustainability; Applied Energy 86; 2009; pp. S189-S196. doi: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2009.04.014.

[30] S. Manish; R. Banerjee; Comparison of biohydrogen production processes; International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 33; 2008; pp. 279-286. doi: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2007.07.026.

[31] C.A. Cardona Alzate; Oscar Julian Sanchez Toro; Luis Fernando Gutierrez Mosquera; "Process synthesis for fuel ethanol production" United States of America; 2009. ed: CRC Press Taylor & Francis Group; ISBN: 978-1-4398-1597-7; v. 1; p. 390.

[32] L.F. Gutierrez Mosquera; O.J. Sanchez Toro; C.A Cardona Alzate; "Process integration possibilities for biodiesel production from palm oil using ethanol obtained from lignocellulosic residues of oil palm industry". England; Bioresource Technology ISSN: 0960-8524 ed: Elsevier. v.100 2009p.1227 – 1237.

[33] Frischknecht R.; Jungbluth N.; Althaus H.-J.; Doka G.; Dones R.; Hischier R.; Hellweg S.; Nemecek T.; Rebitzer G. and Spielmann M. Overview and Methodology. Final report Ecoinvent data v2.0; No. 1. 2007. Swiss Centre for Life Cycle Inventories; Dübendorf; CH.

Citeringar i Crossref