National Museums in the Czech Republic

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Publicerad: 2011-09-30


ISSN: 1650-3686 (tryckt), 1650-3740 (online)


National museum institutions in Bohemia were formed in two distinct areas: art and sciences. Although the Picture Gallery of the Society of Patriotic Friends and the Patriotic Museum; established in 1796 and 1818 respectively; were the creations of enlightened aristocrats as elitist institutions to improve local taste and civilization; they became crucial in shaping Czech nationalism since the 1830s. As a consequence; historical and archaeological collections began to be built. As Czech society increasingly started to participate in the modernization and industrialization process of late nineteenth century Austria; applied and decorative arts emerged as the unique marks of a distinctively modern Czech national identity. Two museums originally devoted to industrial production illustrate this development; the Náprstek Museum of Asian; African and American Cultures and the Museum of Decorative Arts. Historical identity inseparable of the idea of building a Czechoslovak nation after 1918; began to emerge at the Vítkov Hill monument; which was revitalized after 1989 as a major site of historical exhibitions.


Inga nyckelord är tillgängliga


Cerný; J. M. (1884) Museum království Ceského: Strucná zpráva historická i statistická. Praha: vl.n.

Demetz; P. (1997) Prague in Black and Gold: Scenes from the Life of a European City. New York: Hill and Wang.

Denkstein; V. (1979) ‘From National Museum’; in Prague; Great Centers of Art; edited and with introduction by Vladimir Denkstein and Jiri Kotalik. Translated from Czech by Vladimir Varecha. Montclair; N.J.: Allanheld & Schram.

Pruvodce sbírkami Musea království ceského v Praze (1905) Praha: Spolecnost Musea království ceského.

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