Matching Product Flexibility on the Integrated Portfolio of a Product-Service-System

R. Orawski
TU München, Institute of Product Development, Germany

C. Hepperle
TU München, Institute of Product Development, Germany

S. Schmitz
TU München, Institute of Product Development, Germany

M. Mörtl
TU München, Institute of Product Development, Germany

U. Lindemann
TU München, Institute of Product Development, Germany

Ladda ner artikel

Ingår i: Proceedings of the 2nd CIRP IPS2 Conference 2010; 14-15 April; Linköping; Sweden

Linköping Electronic Conference Proceedings 77:34, s. 269-274

Visa mer +

Publicerad: 2012-10-11

ISBN: 978-91-7393-381-0

ISSN: 1650-3686 (tryckt), 1650-3740 (online)


This paper deals with the question; how a product-service-systems portfolio could look like and which approaches in product flexibility are already existing that can fulfil the requirements of such a tool for the early planning. The reoccurring possibility of changed circumstances; known as cycles during the innovation process; are translated into criteria; with which the suitability of the flexibility approaches can be checked. The worked out recommendations are combined to a holistic entity for structuring the various granularities of a PSS referring to the Munich Model of Product Concretization. Thus; this paper sets up a basis for facing the challenge of product flexibility already in the early stages of systematically planned product service systems. This supports a higher degree of flexibility for the stakeholders throughout the lifecycle and thus also allows faster responses to market needs.


PSS-portfolio; Product Flexibility; Innovation Process; Integrated Product Development


[1] Pine; P. J.; 1993; Mass Customization The New Frontier in Business Competition; Harvard Business School Press; Bosten

[2] Gräßler; I.; 2004; Kundenindividuelle Massenproduktion. Springer Verlag; Berlin

[3] Piller; F.; 2001; Mass Customization; DUV; Wiesbaden

[4] Baumberger; G.; 2007; Methoden zur kundenspezifischen Produktdefinition bei individualisierten Produkten; Technical University Munich: Dr. Hut; PhD thesis

[5] Lindemann U.; Reichwald; R.; Zäh; M. F.; 2006; Individualisierte Produkte – Komplexität beherrschen in Entwicklung und Produktion; Springer; Berlin

[6] Hepperle; C.; Thanner; S.; Mörtl; M.; Lindemann; U.; 2009; An integrated product lifecycle model and interrelations in-between the lifecycle phases; 6th International Conference on Product Lifecycle Management.

[7] Nayak; R.; Chen; W.; Simpson; T.; 2002; A variationbased method for product family design; Engineering Optimization 34: 65-81.

[8] Robertson; D.; Ulrich; K.; 1998; Planning for Product Platforms; Sloan Management Review; Vol. 39; No. 4: 19-31.

[9] Zha; X.; Sriram; R.; Lu; W.; 2004; Evaluation and selection in product design for mass customization: A knowledge decision support approach; Special Issue: Platform product development for mass customization Cambridge: Cambridge University Press: 87-109.

[10] Kondoh; S.; Masui; K.; Hattori; M.; Mishima; N.; Matsumoto; M.; 2008; Total performance analysis of product life cycle considering the deterioration and obsolescence of product value; International Journal of Product Development 6 3-4: 334-352.

[11] Tseng; M.; Jiao; J.; 2001; Mass customization; Handbook of Industrial Engineering. Edition 3;. New York: chapter 25

[12] Meyer; M. H.; Utterback; J. M.; 1993; The Product Family and the Dynamics of Core Capability; Sloan Management Review; Vol. 34: 29-47.

[13] Erens; F. Verhulst; K.; 1997; Architecture for product families; Computers in Industry 33: 165-178.

[14] Meyer; M.; Lenhard; A.; 1997; The power of product platform: building value and cost leadership; New York: Free Press

[15] Ponn; J.; Lindemann; U.; 2008; Konzeptentwicklung und Gestaltung technischer Produkte; Berlin

[16] Zamirowski; E.; Otto; K.; 1999; Identifying product portfolio architecture modularity using function and variety heuristics; Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Design Theory and Methodology; ASME Design Engineering Technical Conferences.

[17] Martin; M.; Ishii; K.; 2002; Design for variety: developing standardized and modularized product platform architectures; Research in Engineering Design; Vol. 13: 213-235.

[18] Albers; A.; Burkardt; N.; Sauter; C.; 2008; A modularization method in the early phase of product development; International Design Conference – Design 2008: 253-260.

[19] German Industry Guideline; 1999; VDIRichtlinie 2223: Methodisches Entwerfen technischer Produkte; March

[20] Du; X.; Jiao; J.; Tseng; M.; 2001; Architecture of product family: fundamentals and methodology; Concurrent Engineering: Research and Application 9; No. 4: pp. 309-325.

[21] Browning; T.R.; 2002; Applying the Design Structure Matrix to System Decomposition and Integration Problems – A Review and New Directions; IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management 48: 292- 306.

[22] Lindemann; U.; Maurer; M.; Kreimeyer; M.; 2004; Intelligent strategies for structuring products; Knowledge based intelligent information and engineering system; International Conference: 1157- 1163

Citeringar i Crossref