“Imagined Communities” in contemporary Holocaust Exhibitions of the 1990s

Visa mer +

Publicerad: 2012-01-17


ISSN: 1650-3686 (tryckt), 1650-3740 (online)


Remarks on the crisis of representation have not adequately tackled the problem of how the genocide of millions of Jews and the ensuing damage for millions of Europeans might be presented within the frame of museum-based exhibitions after the end of the cold war. Since the eighties; the ongoing musealization of the history of the Holocaust has merged with a flourishing memory culture. Moreover; postmodern reflections upon the event that used to be called ”Holocaust” have already become part of the current museum culture. Memorial sites; Holocaust narratives and iconic images of previous press campaigns get connected in various curatorial efforts to mediate the past within a post-traumatic museum landscape. This paper examines the merging of history and memory of the Shoa within the frame of the new hybrid called ”memory museum”. My comparative analysis is focussed on two widely discussed exhibitions that were opened around 2000 to create a (trans-) national collective memory of the Shoa for a contemporary museum audience.


Inga nyckelord är tillgängliga


Anderson; B. (1983) Imagined Communities. Reflections on the Origins and Spread of Nationalism; Verso; London.

Azoulay; A. ‘With open doors. Museums and Historical Narratives in Israel’s Public Space’; in: Sherman; D. and Rogoff; I. (1994) Museum Culture. Histories; Discourses; Spectacles; University of Minnesota Press; Minneapolis; 85–112.

Beeck; C. (2011) Daniel Libeskind and the Jewish Museum; Jaron Verlag; Berlin.

Bernstein; M.A; ‘The Schindler’s List Effect’: in American Scholar 63; 1994; 429–432.

Buchloh; B. (1999) ‘Gerhard Richter’s Atlas: The Anomic Archive’; October 88; Spring; 117–145.

Casey; E. (1987) Remembering: A Phenomenological Study; Indiana University Press; Indiana.

Carbondell; Betttina Messias (2011) Museum Studies; Blackwell; Oxford.

Chidester; D. & Linenthal; E. T. (1995); American Sacred Space; Bloomington; Indiana; 253.

Duncan; C. (1998) ‚The Art Museum as a Ritual’ In Preziosi; D. (1998) The Art of Art History; Oxford University Press; Oxford; 473–485.

Eisenman; P. (2004) Inside Out: Selected Writings; 1963–1988; Yale University Press; New Haven.

Foucault; M. (1977) Discipline and Punish. The Birth of the Prison; London.

Friedrich; E. (1987) War against War!; The Real Comet Press; Seattle (Reprint).

Friedlaender; S. (1984) Reflections of Nazism. An Essay on Kitsch and Death; Indiana University Press Bloomington

Greenberg; R. (2003) ‘The Jewish Museum Vienna’ In Hornstein; S. and Jacobowitz; F. (2003) Representation and the Holocaust; Indiana University Press; Bloomington; 235– 250.

Hornstein; S. & Jacobowitz; F. (2003) Image and Remembrance. Representation and the Holocaust; Indiana University Press; Bloomington.

Hornstein; S. (2003) ‚Introduction’ In: Hornstein; S. and Jacobowitz; F. (2003) Image and Remembrance. Representation and the Holocaust; Indiana University Press; Bloomington; 1–6.

Imperial War Museum (2011) The Holocaust Exhibition at IWM London; London

Libeskind; D. (2006) “Zwischen Geometrie und Sprache“ In: Elke Dorner; Daniel

Libeskind (2006) Jüdisches Museum Berlin; Mann Verlag; Berlin.

Libeskind; D. (2003) ‚Trauma’ In S. Hornstein and S. Jacobowitz (2003) Image and Remembrance; Indiana University Press; 43–58.

Linenthal; E. (1995) Preserving Memory: The Struggle to Create America’s Holocaust Museum; Columbia University Press; New York.

Mathur; S. (2012) ‘Museums and Globalization’ In Carbonell; B. (2012) Museum Studies; Blackwell; Oxford; 510–515.

Meek; A. (2010) Trauma and Media; Routledge; New York.

Rosen; J. (1997) ‚The Trivialization of Tragedy’; Culturefront; Winter 1997; 80–85.

Synder; T. (2010) Bloodlands. Europe between Hitler and Stalin; London.

Stier; Oren Baruch (2003) Committed to Memory. Cultural Mediations of the Holocaust; University of Massachussetts Press; Amherst and Boston.

Virilio; P. (2003) Art and Fear; translation Julie Rose; Continuum; London. Originally published as La Procedure silence (2000).

Walther; S. (2009) ‘Von der Fotografie als Weltsprache zum Theater der Realität’ In Reichle; I. and S. Siegel (2009) Maßlose Bilder; Paderborn (Fink); 379–400.

Weinberg; Jeshajahu and Elieli; Rina; eds. (1995) The Holocaust Museum in Washington; Rizzoli; New York.

Williams; P. (2012) ‚The Memorial Museum Identity Complex’ In Carbonell; B. (2012) Museum Studies. An Anthology of Contexts. Blackwell; Orxford; 97–113.

Young; James E. (1994) The Art of Memory. Holocaust memorials in History. Prestel Verlag; Munich.

Young; J. E. (2003) ‘Memory; Counter-memory and the End of the Monument’ In Hornstein; S. and Jacobowitz; F. (2003) Image and Remembrance. Representation and the Holocaust; Indiana University Press; Bloomington; 59–78.


Blomberg Katja (2001) ‚Das Jüdische Museum Berlin; ein begehbares Buch’; FAZ Feuilleton 10.09.2001; online http://m.faz.net/aktuell/feuilleton/kommentar-dasjuedische- museum-ein-begehbares-buch-127376.html.

BBC News Online 6 June 2000‚Queen opens Holocaust Exhibition’; http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/778774.stm.

Citeringar i Crossref