Konferensartikel

Energy Recovery from Packaging Waste - the Result of 12 Years’ Standardisation Work

Barbro Maijgren
QPM Consultants, Sweden

Stig Pettersson
Swedish Standards Institute (SIS), Sweden

Ladda ner artikelhttp://www.ep.liu.se/ecp_article/index.en.aspx?issue=009;article=015

Ingår i: Proceedings from the Third International Disposal Conference; Karlskoga; Sweden; 10-11 November; 2003

Linköping Electronic Conference Proceedings 9:15, s. 83–87

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Publicerad: 2003-11-07

ISBN:

ISSN: 1650-3686 (tryckt), 1650-3740 (online)

Abstract

This project on Energy Recovery was established in 1990 by a Swedish initiative as an integrated part of a new committee when CEN (Comité Européen de Normalisation) founded and structured its Technical Committee TC 261; Packaging. An incentive for all this came from EU; which had started a preparatory work for a Directive on Packaging and Packaging Waste.
TC 261was organised with four subcommittees (SC); each of them with several working groups (WG). The total number of WGs was 25. In TC 261/SC; 4 different WGs were organised:

- Terminology; symbols and LCA - Prevention
- Degradability and composting  - Reuse
- Material recovery - Heavy metals and other dangerous substances
- Energy Recovery - "Umbrella"/General approach

During the first years of discussions on a draft directive; the document was an item of discussion at each meeting and many comments and proposals were sent to the Commission; i.e. DG XI (now DG Environment). The eighth draft was completed on the 20th of December 1994 as Directive 94/62/EC on Packaging and packaging waste (Ref.1).
The environmental aspects are very important parts of the Directive; and in 1996 the Commission mandated work on Environmental packaging standards to TC 261 and its SC 4.

The results of this work were accepted gratefully by the CEN Members; but a few EU Member States reacted negatively. The solution of this impasse ended with a second mandate in 2001; a mission CEN/TC 261 now has fulfilled.

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Referenser

1. 94/62/EC Directive on Packaging and Packaging Waste.

2. EN 13428:2000; Packaging – Prevention by Source Reduction.

3. CEN/CR 13695-1:2000; Packaging - Requirements for measuring and verifying the four heavy metals and other dangerous substances present in packaging; and their release into the environment - Part 1: Requirements for measuring and verifying the four heavy metals present in packaging.

4. CEN/CR 13695-2:2002; Packaging - Requirements for measuring and verifying the four heavy metals and other dangerous substances present in packaging; and their release into the environment - Part 2: Requirements for measuring and verifying dangerous substances present in packaging; and their release into the environment.

5. Directive 2000/76/EC on the incineration of waste.

6. a) EN 13431:2000; Packaging - Requirements for packaging recoverable in the form of energy recovery; including specification of minimum inferior calorific value.

b) prEN 13431; Packaging - Requirements for packaging recoverable in the form of energy recovery; including specification of minimum inferior calorific value. Revision to be published in 2004.

7. CEN/CR 1460:1994; Packaging - Energy Recovery from Used Packaging.

8. CEN/CR 13686:2001; Packaging - Optimisation of Energy Recovery.

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