Investigation and Energetic Analysis of a Novel Hydraulic Hybrid Architecture for On-Road Vehicles

Michael Michæl Sprengel
Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, USA

Monika Ivantysynova
Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, USA

Ladda ner artikelhttp://dx.doi.org/10.3384/ecp1392a9

Ingår i: 13th Scandinavian International Conference on Fluid Power; June 3-5; 2013; Linköping; Sweden

Linköping Electronic Conference Proceedings 92:9, s. 87-98

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Publicerad: 2013-09-09

ISBN: 978-91-7519-572-8

ISSN: 1650-3686 (tryckt), 1650-3740 (online)


Hydraulic hybrid transmissions in on-road vehicles have been proven to significantly reduce fuel consumption. Existing hydraulic hybrid transmissions have shown fuel savings of 30-50% with higher savings predicted when using advanced architectures. However while these results are promising there exists room for improvement. Consider the series hybrid architecture which is currently the most common full hydraulic hybrid configuration. This system requires over-center units which increase expense and are relatively uncommon especially for high performance bent axis units. Series hybrids may also possess a synthetic feel due to the high compliance inherent in their accumulators. Further efficiency suffers as the hydraulic units in series hybrids are often forced to operate at high pressures and low displacements. A novel hydraulic hybrid configuration is analyzed in this paper which may reduce costs; improve response; and increase efficiency under certain conditions. An automatic transmission; a series hydraulic hybrid; and the novel blended hybrid architecture were simulated for a class II truck and fuel consumption rates compared. Dynamic programming was used to optimally control all three transmissions thereby removing the effect of controller design of fuel consumption. Simulation results show a 44.8% increase in fuel efficiency for the series hybrid and a 37.0% increase with the proposed system architecture. While the proposed architectures currently lags the series hybrid in fuel economy; there exists sufficient benefits to merit further studies


Hydraulic hybrids; blended hybrid; dynamic programming


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