Participatory Parity vs. Segregated Citizenship: Comparing the Theories of Will Kymlicka and Nancy Fraser on the Rights of Immigrants and National Minorities

Daniela Ringkamp
Department of Philosophy, University of Paderborn, Germany

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Ingår i: Proceedings from The 49th Societas Ethica Annual Conference 2012; Theme: Ethics and Migration; August 23-26; 2012; Lucian Blaga University Sibiu; Romania

Linköping Electronic Conference Proceedings 97:16, s. 181-191

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Publicerad: 2014-04-24

ISBN: 978-91-7519-297-0

ISSN: 1650-3686 (tryckt), 1650-3740 (online)


This article analyzes Will Kymlicka’s theory of justifying special rights for members of national minorities in contrast to immigrants or refugees and compares Kymlicka’s account with the principle of participatory parity; as it is established by Nancy Fraser. It is argued that; comparing to Kymlicka; Fraser provides a better starting point for ethical considerations of minority rights in general. Even though the principal of participatory parity lacks detailed instruction of its political implementation; it is primarily inclusive and does not deprive immigrants or refugees of basic rights.


Minority rights; human rights; immigration; refugees; citizenship; inclusion


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