To What Extent is Immediate Constituency Analysis Dependency-based? A Survey of Foundational Texts

Nicolas Mazziotta
Université de Liège, Universität Stuttgart, Belgium, Germany

Sylvain Kahane
Modyco, Université Paris Nanterre, CNRS, France

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Ingår i: Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Dependency Linguistics (Depling 2017), September 18-20, 2017, Università di Pisa, Italy

Linköping Electronic Conference Proceedings 139:15, s. 116-126

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Publicerad: 2017-09-13

ISBN: 978-91-7685-467-9

ISSN: 1650-3686 (tryckt), 1650-3740 (online)


This paper investigates the seminal texts on Immediate Constituent Analysis and the associated diagrams. We show that the relations between the whole and its parts, that are typical of current phrase structure trees, were less prominent in the early diagramming efforts than the relationships between units of the same level. This can be observed until the beginning of the 1960’s, including in Chomsky’s Syntactic Structures (1957). We discuss whether such analyses could be said “dependencybased”, according to an attempt to define this term.


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