On the Predicate-Argument Structure: Internal and Absorbing Scope

Igor Boguslavsky
Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute for Information Transmission Problems, Russia

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Ingår i: Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Dependency Linguistics (Depling 2017), September 18-20, 2017, Università di Pisa, Italy

Linköping Electronic Conference Proceedings 139:4, s. 15-24

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Publicerad: 2017-09-13

ISBN: 978-91-7685-467-9

ISSN: 1650-3686 (tryckt), 1650-3740 (online)


Valency filling is considered a major mechanism for constructing the semantic structure of the sentence from semantic structures of words. This approach requires a broader view of valency and actant, covering all kinds of actant-bearing words and all types of valency filling. We introduce the concept of scope as a generalization of actant: it is any fragment of a Syntactic (SyntScope) or Semantic Structure (Sem-Scope) that fills a valency of a predicate. Actant is a particular case of scope. We discuss two classes of situations, mostly on the material of Russian, that manifest non-isomorphism between SyntScope and SemScope: (a) meaning a that fills a valency of word L constitutes only a part of the meaning of word L' (internal scope); (b) predicate p is an internal component of the meaning of word L; p extends its valency (distinct from valencies of L) to words different from L (absorbing scope).


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