Lacking of Social Interaction at Open Spaces in the City of Baghdad, Iraq

Sarah Abdulkareem Salih

Sumarni Ismail

Noor Fazamimah Abd Hamid

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Ingår i: KEER2018, Go Green with Emotion. 7th International Conference on Kansei Engineering & Emotion Research 2018, 19-22 March 2018, Kuching, Malaysia

Linköping Electronic Conference Proceedings 146:43, s. 401-413

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Publicerad: 2018-03-13

ISBN: 978-91-7685-314-6

ISSN: 1650-3686 (tryckt), 1650-3740 (online)


This paper outlines the issue on open spaces, which led to decrease social interaction among residents in Baghdad city nowadays, and compares the social interaction issue in Baghdad between past and present (before, and after 2003). The main objective of the paper is to identify the factors that affecting social interaction in the open space, through proving that lack of open spaces led to the lack in social interaction in Baghdad city. This paper employed qualitative method in term of content analysis which mainly focused on collecting, summarizing and analyzing various documentation such as writing journals, articles, researches, books, Websites, manifestos, transcripts and figures from more than 35 source both in Arabic and English languages regarding the importance of open spaces for community interaction. Findings of the paper confirm that sound social interaction need an appropriate open space that meets the needs of community in Baghdad. Appropriate factors of the open space also could determine the nature of social activity and the amount of space occupation.


Social interaction, open spaces, Baghdad, Iraq, content analysis method.


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