Modelling Plains Cree Negation with Constraint Grammar

Katherine Schmirler
University of Alberta, Department of Linguistics, USA

Antti Arppe
University of Alberta, Department of Linguistics, USA

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Ingår i: Proceedings of the NoDaLiDa 2019 Workshop on Constraint Grammar - Methods, Tools and Applications, 30 September 2019, Turku, Finland

Linköping Electronic Conference Proceedings 168:7, s. 27-34

NEALT Proceedings Series 43:7, p. 27-34

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Publicerad: 2019-12-03

ISBN: 978-91-7929-918-7

ISSN: 1650-3686 (tryckt), 1650-3740 (online)


This paper explores negation in a Plains Cree corpus, using Constraint Grammar to model various aspects of negation (verbal, nominal, particle). Plains Cree, an Algonquian language of North America, displays rich morphological marking on nouns and verbs, but also makes use of a large class of indeclinable particles, including negative markers. Combined with non-configurational syntax and few strict word order patterns, modelling syntactic relationships involving particles is far from straightforward. Using previous grammatical description and corpus observations, I model the relationships between negative particles and other parts of speech in Plains Cree and identify issues for further modelling.


Plains Cree, syntactic modelling, negation, Constraint Grammar, corpus investigation


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