Konferensartikel

Borderland Swedes

Glenn Eric Kranking
Department of History, The Ohio State University, USA

Ladda ner artikelhttp://www.ep.liu.se/ecp_article/index.en.aspx?issue=025;article=035

Ingår i: Inter: A European Cultural Studies : Conference in Sweden 11-13 June 2007

Linköping Electronic Conference Proceedings 25:35, s. 329-340

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Publicerad: 2007-11-27

ISBN:

ISSN: 1650-3686 (tryckt), 1650-3740 (online)

Abstract

Governments use identifications of groups – whether it is state-determined or self-identified – in formulating minority policies; while organizations and individuals often use forms of identification in searching for areas of sameness. In both cases; the classification used affects policies and actions. Identifications based on language; religion; ethnicity; nationality; race; and citizenship create borders in society; but simultaneously offer opportunities to transcend other forms of borders. From the 1870s until the Second World War; Estonia went through four governments; each with its own form of identification – tsarist Russia; independent Estonia; Soviet Estonia; and Nazi Germany. For the Swedish minority living in a borderland; subsequent minority policies shaped the direction of their cultural de¬velopment; but it was the transnational connection with individuals and organizations in Sweden; and later the Swedish government (although the type of identification shifted over time) that transcended political borders and had the greatest impact on the populations cultural development.

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