Taking the Girls’ Room Online: Similarities and Differences Between Traditional Girls’ Rooms and Computer-Mediated Ones

Malin Svenningsson Elm
Department of Media and Communication Studies, Karlstad University, Sweden

Ladda ner artikelhttp://www.ep.liu.se/ecp_article/index.en.aspx?issue=025;article=061

Ingår i: Inter: A European Cultural Studies : Conference in Sweden 11-13 June 2007

Linköping Electronic Conference Proceedings 25:61, s. 601-613

Visa mer +

Publicerad: 2007-11-27


ISSN: 1650-3686 (tryckt), 1650-3740 (online)


Previous studies have pointed at the girls’ room’s importance for girls identity work. The “internet generation” is no different in this aspect. Girls still stage performances; where they experiment with roles and styles. The difference is rather that where it used to be done in the girl’s room at home; the identity work is now often found online. The question proposed in this paper is whether Internet communities can be seen as extensions or online versions of the girls’ room. By using results from quantitative content analysis of 250 personal profile sites of female users aged 15-20; this paper discusses the similarities and differences between traditional girls’ rooms and the computer-mediated ones at Lunarstorm.

Even though the activities performed resemble each other; the computer-mediated girls’ room distinguishes itself from the traditional one in at least one important respect: what used to be done in privacy now takes place in public. Here; Erving Goffman’s concepts ‘front stage’ and ‘back stage’ are used to make sense of the nature of the two forms of girls’ rooms; to show that while the traditional girls’ room correspond to the backstage region; the computer-mediated one rather represents a front stage setting; where performances are made


Inga nyckelord är tillgängliga


Ambjörnsson, Fanny. 2004. I en klass för sig. Genus och sexualitet bland gymnasietjejer. Stockholm: Ordfront.

Bauman, Zygmunt. 2000. Liquid Modernity. Cambridge: Polity Press.

boyd, danah. 2007. Social Network Sites: Public, Private, or What? Knowledge Tree(13).

boyd, danah, and Jeffrey Heer. 2006. Profiles as conversation: Networked identity performance on Friendster. Paper read at Hawai’i International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS-39), Persistent Conversation Track., January 4-7, 2006, at Kauai, HI.

Cherny, Lynn, and Elizabeth Reba Weise, eds. 1996. Wired women: gender and new realities in cyberspace. Seattle: Seal Press.

Daneback, Kristian. 2006. Love and Sexuality on the Internet, Institution for Social Work, Gothenburg university, Gothenburg.

Drotner, Kirsten. 1991/1996. At skabe sig - selv. Ungdom, a estetik, paedagogik. 2 ed. København: Gyldendal.

Englund, Anneli. 2005. Fält/förändringsarbetare Socialkontoret Centrum, Norrköping.

Ess, Charles, and Steven Jones. 2003. Ethical decision-making and Internet research: recommendations from the AoIR Ethics Working Committee. In Virtual Research Ethics: Issues and Controversies, edited by E. A. Buchanan. Hershey: Idea Group Publishing.

Ganetz, Hillevi. 1992. Butiken, hemmet och kvinnligheten som maskerad. Drivplatser och platser för kvinnligt skapande. In Unga stilar och uttrycksformer, edited by J. Fornäs, U. Boëthius, H. Ganetz and B. Reimer. Stockholm/Stehag: Bruno Östlings förlag Symposion.

Gerholm, Lena. 1998. Raffset och slöja. Om tre engelska kvinnors hanterande av muslimsk-arabiska kroppsliga praktiker i äktenskap över gränser. In Behag och begär. Kulturella perspektiv på kroppens, intimitetens och sexualitetens tranformationer., edited by L. Gerholm. Stockholm: Carlssons.

Giddens, Anthony. 1991. Modernity and self-identity. Self and society in the late modern age. Cambridge: Polity Press. Goffman, Erving. 1959/1990. The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life. London: Penguin books.

Grisso, Ashley D., and David Weiss. 2005. What are gURLs talking about? Adolescent girls’ construction of sexual identity on gURL.com. In Girl Wide Web. Girls, the Internet, and the Negotiation of Identity, edited by S. R. Mazzarella. New York: Peter Lang.

Göthlund, Anette. 1997. Bilder av tonårsflickor. Om estetik och identitetsarbete. Linköping: Linköping studies in Art and Science. Harris, Judith Rich. 1998. The nurture assumption: Why children turn out the way they do. New York: Free Press.

Herring, Susan. 1993. Gender and democracy in computer-mediated communication. Electronic Journal of Communication3 (2).

———. 1994. Gender Differences in Computer-Mediated Communication: Bringing Familiar Baggage to the New Frontier. Paper read at American Library Association annual convention, June 27, at Miami.

Lewis, Lisa A. 1993. Being Discovered: The Emergence of Female Address on MTV. In Sound and Vision: The Music Video Reader, edited by L. Grossberg, A. Goodwin and S. Frith. London: Routledge.

Livingstone, Sonia. 2005. On the relation between audiences and publics : why audience and public? (online). London: LSE Research Online.

McRobbie, Angela, and Jenny Garber. 1976. Girls and subcultures: An exploration. In Resistance through Rituals: Youth subcultures in post-war Britain, edited by S. Hall and T. Jefferson. Oxon: Routledge.

———. 1997. Girls and subcultures. In The subcultures reader, edited by K. Gelder and S. Thornton. London: Routledge.

Mead, G.H. 1934. Mind, Self, and Society. Edited by C. W. Morris. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Olsson, Christer. Härligt - men också farligt [Aftonbladet] 2006 [cited 2007-06-23. Available from www.aftonbladet.se/vss/debatt/story/0,2789,934409,00.html.

SCB. 2004. Privatpersoners användning av datorer och Internet 2004.

Stern, Susannah R. 1999. Adolescent girls’ expression on web home pages. Spirited, sombre and self-conscious sites. Convergence5 (4):22-41.

———. 2004. Expressions of identity online: prominent features and gender differences in adolescents’ world wide home pages. Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media48 (2):218-243.

Strauss, Anselm, and Juliet Corbin. 1990. Basics of Qualitative Research. Grounded Theory Procedures and Techniques. Newbury Park: SAGE.

Sveningsson Elm, Malin. 2006. Att visa sin kropp på Nätet. Om ungdomars självpresentationer på Lunarstorm. LOCUS(1).

———. 2006. Young men’s gender- and identity work in a Swedish Web community. In AoIR Internet Annual Volume 4, edited by M. Consalvo and C. Haythornthwaite. New York: Peter Lang.

———. 2007. Young people’s presentations of relationships in a Swedish Internet community. YOUNG15 (2).

———. forthcoming. How do various notions of privacy influence decisions in qualitative internet research? In Internet Inquiry: Dialogue among Researchers, edited by A. Markham and N. Baym. Thousand Oaks: SAGE.

Sveningsson, Malin. 2001. Creating a Sense of Community. Experiences from a Swedish Web Chat. Linköping: Linköping Studies in Art and Science.

———. 2002. Ethical Aspects of Research in a Web Chat Community. A case study for Ethics Working Group, Association of Internet Researchers2001 [cited 15/01 2002]. Available from http://www.cddc.vt.edu/aoir/ethics/case.html.

 ———. 2003. Ethics in Internet Ethnography. In Virtual Research Ethics: Issues and Controversies, edited by E. A. Buchanan. Hershey: Idea Group Publishing.

Sveningsson, Malin, Mia Lövheim, and Magnus Bergquist. 2003. Att fånga Nätet: Kvalitativa Metoder för Internetforskning. Lund: Studentlitteratur.

Söderhjelm, Simone. 2002. Tonåringar klär av sig på Nätet. Pornografiska bilder på Lunarstorm och andra sajter. Aftonbladet, 9 October.

Thiel, Shayla Marie. 2005. IM me. In Girl wide web. Girls, the Internet, and the negotiating of identity, edited by S. R. Mazzarella. New York: Peter Lang.

Thompson, John B. 1994. Social Theory and the Media. In Communication Theory Today, edited by D. C. D. Mitchell. Stanford: Stanford University Press.

Østbye, Helge, Karl Knapskog, Knut Helland, and Leif Ole Larsen. 2003. Metodbok för medievetenskap. Malmö: Liber.

Citeringar i Crossref